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University  of  Calitornia, 

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bt  to  recall. 

CI  39a  (4/91) 

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nfteinorials  of  HDcrne,  IF^ent. 


THE   REV.   J.  R.    BUCHANAN,!  Vicar 


{Set  page  17.) 





PRINTED    BY    W.    H.    &    L,    COLLINGK IDGE, 

CITY    PRESS,    148   &    149,    AI.PERSr.ATE   STREET,  E.G. 


^on.  Sames  Eussell  %o^tll,  iLlL.©., 

(late  united  states  minister  at  the  court  of  ST.  JAMES), 







Deerfoot  Farm, 


Jan.   12///,   1887. 

Reverend  and  Dear  Sir, 

I  accept  with  pleasure  the  dedication  of  your  work, 
the  Memorials  of  Herne,  Kent,  and  feel  highly  honoured 
by  it. 

I  certainly  do  take  great  interest  in  your  ancient  buildings, 
not  only  for  their  own  intrinsic  worth,  but  also  because  they 
are  a  permanent  link  between  our  two  countries.  • 

Your  Churchyards  are  the  richer  for  dust  that  belongs  to 
us  as  well  as  you. 

Faithfully  yours, 

J.    R.    LOWELL. 

The  Rev.  J.  R.  Buchanan. 


-slWN  offering  the  Memorials  of  Herne  to  the  public  I  do 
^  not  pretend  to  have  very  much  knowledge  of  archaeology, 
including  as  that  vast  subject  does  in  its  legitimate  sphere,  pakiio- 
graphy,  heraldry,  and  architecture.  I  have  simply  endeavoured 
to  collect  from  various  sources,  a  brief  but  comprehensive  history 
of  the  parish,  and  to  furnish  the  visitor  with  a  guide  to  the  Church 
which  will  indicate  and  explain  its  chief  points  of  interest.  I  also 
earnestly  hope  (Herne  Church  being  so  well  and  widely  known),  by 
calling  attention  to  the  deplorable  condition  of  the  North  Aisle — 
the  only  part  now  in  need  of  repair — to  obtain  some  assistance 
towards  a  new  roof. 

I  am  indebted  to  Hasted's  account  of  Herne,  in  his  "  History 
of  Kent,''  Buncombe's  "  History  of  Herne  and  Reculver  "  (pub- 
lished in  Nichol's  Bibliotheca  Topographica  Britannica),  and  a 
miscellaneous  collection  by  the  late  Charles  Devon  (Public 
Record  Office),  kindly  lent  me  by  Mr.  Edward  White,  of  Herne 
Bay,  for  much  valuable  information. 

My  thanks  are  due,  and  are  here  gratefully  tendered,  to  the 
following  gentlemen  for  advice  and  assistance  :  W.  de  Gray  Birch, 
F.S.A.,  and  G.  K.  Fortescue  (British  Museum),  James  Gairdner 
(Public  Record  Office),  J.  Challoner  Smith  (Somerset  House), 
S.  W.  Kershaw,  F.S.A.  (Lambeth  Palace  Library),  and  Charles 
Welch  (Guildhall  Library).  I  am  sure  if  the  clergy  knew  the 
willingness  of  the  learned  in  high  places  to  help  amateur  authors, 
who  have  a  good  object  in  view,  there  would  be  many  more  and 
better  parochial  histories  written. 

Mr,  Kershaw  has  for  some  years  been  collecting  information  of 

ii    .  PREFACE. 

every  kind  relating  to  Kent,  and  as  there  is  no  fund  for  that 
purpose,  he  is  glad  to  receive  any  gratuitous  additions  to  his  store. 

I  also  beg  to  thank  Dr.  Sheppard  of  Canterbury,  for  pointing 
out  some  very  interesting  particulars,  and  translating  some,  to  me, 
difficult  ancient  manuscripts ;  Francis  Butler,  architect,  for  the 
beautiful  plates  which  embellish  the  work  ;  and  Henry  Grey, 
churchwarden,  for  assistance  in  translating  the  inscriptions  on  the 
Brasses,  and  careful  revision  for  the  press. 

And  lastly,  I  beg  most  sincerely  to  thank  the  Lord  Mayor,  Sir 
Reginald  Hanson,  Bart.,  F.S.A.,  Alderman  Sir  John  Staples, 
F.S. A.,  Deputy  East,  James  Judd,  and  Major  G.  Lambert,  F.S. A., 
for  their  kind  and  generous  acknowledgment  of  the  distinct  claim 
which  Heme  Church  undoubtedly  has  upon  the  citizens  of 




Reculver I 

Its  antiquity  and  destruction. 


Parish  ok  Herne 
Places  of  note. 


Church  of  Herne        17 

Tower— Porch — Baptistery — Font — North  Aisle— Nave— South 
Aisle — South  Chantry  Chapel^Chancel — East  Window — 
Monument  of  Sir  W.  Thornhurst — North  Chantry  Chapel — 
Brasses — Account  of  St.  Martin. 

Vicars  ok  Herne  and  Chantry  PivIests 46 

Parish  Registers         52 

Extracts  from  Churchwardens'  Accounts. 

Tithes  and  Fees  57 


Old  Wills  60 

Robert  Somersal — John  Vounge — Thomas  Bysmer — William 
Philip— Sir  Matthew  Philip — Sir  John  Fyneux — Rev.  John 
Warren — Lady  Elizabeth  Fyneux — Edward  Monyngs  —  Wil- 
liam Fyneux — Thomas  Terrye — John  Church  —  Richard 
Terry — Sir  William  Sedley — Cieor^e  Hawlet  or  Howlet — 
Christopher  Milles — Thomas  Knowler. 

Index        68 



View  of  Church  from  Village...         ...         ...         ...  ...       Frontispiect 

Reculver  Church  Towers ...         ...         ...         ...         ...         ...         ...       2 

Reculver  Church,  1751,  and  Ground  Plan  ...         ...  ...  ...  6 

View  of  the  Village  of  Heme       ...         ...         ...         ...         ...         ...       8 

Parish  Church  of  Heme  ...  ..         ...         ...  ...         ...  16 

Tower,  and  Ground  Plan  ...         ...         ...  ...         ...     18 

Baptistery        ...         ..  ...         ...         ...  ...         ...  19 

North  Chantry  Chapel     ...         ...         ...         ...         ...         ...     20 

,,  ,,       showing  proposed  alteration  ...         ...  21 

Ground  Plan  ...         ...         ...         ...         ...         ...         ...     22 

Old  Screen      ...         ...         ...         ...         ...  ..  ...  25 

Picturesque  Arch ...         ...         ...         ...  ...         ...  ...     26 

Mural  Monument  of  Robert  Knowler         ...  ...         ...  28 

Chancel      ...         ...         ...  ..         ...         ...         ...         ...     30 

Monument  of  Sir  William  Thomhurst         ...  ...         ...  31 

North    Chantry    Chapel,    showing     Hagioscope,     Aumbry, 

Screen,  &c —  ...  ...         ...         ...  ...  ...  34 

Brasses — i.  Sir  Peter  Halle  and  Wife  ...         ...         ...         ...     36 

2.  John  Darley      ...         ...         ...  ...         ...  38 

3.  Christina  Philip      ...         ...         ...         ...         ...     39 

4.  Elizabeth,  Lady  Fyneux  ...  ...         ...  41 

5.  John  Sea  and  his  Wives    ...         ...         ...         ...     42 




^^^'EEPLY  interesting  as  the  Church  at  Heme  undoubtedly  is, 
C^i-  it  must  be  acknowledged  at  the  outset  that  it  yields  place 
in  most  things  to  the  Mother  Church  of  Reculver,  to  which  it  has 
ever  been,  and  is  now,  tributary.  The  two  Churches  are  so 
intimately  connected  that,  without  some  preliminary  account  or 
Reculver,  the  history  of  Heme  would  be  incomplete  and  even 

Reculver  is  famous,  not  only  for  its  Early  Christian  Church, 
but  also  for  its  ancient  Roman  Camp,  said  to  have  been  erected  in 
the  third  century  by  the  Emperor  Septimius  Severus.^' 

Among  the  time-worn  ruins  of  the  ancient  castle  is  a  fig-tree 
i^fiais  carica)  of  Italian  origin,  which  according  to  the  traditions 
of  the  neighbourhood,  was  planted  by  the  Romans,  and  must 
therefore  be  between  1385  and  1888  years  old.f 

In  Leland's  time  (1530 — 7),  the  village  of  Reculver  stood 
"  withyn  a  quarter  of  a  myle  or  a  little  more  of  the  se  syde.":|: 

It  is  called  by  the  Venerable  Bede  "  Raculfcestre,  and  Raculi- 

*  Roach  Smith's  Antiquities  of  Reculver.  p.  193. 

t  Albion,  1833.  X  Itin.  3rd  Ed.  p.  I.  0. 

v^  Bede  Eccles.  Hist.,  i,  5,  9. 


While  the  earliest  record  of  Heme  Church  dates  only  from 
A.D.  1236,  that  of  Reculver,  dedicated  to  St.  Mary,  goes  as  far 
back  as  A.D.  669,  when  Egbert,  King  of  Kent,  "gave  to  one 
Basse,  formerly  one  of  his  noblemen,  now  a  priest,  some  land, 
"  whereupon  to  build  a  monastery  dedicated  to  the  Blessed  Virgin 
"  Mary."* 

"  Berhtwald,"  eighth  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  (A.D.  693), 
"was  abbot  of  Reculver." 

\^}^-^  " 




In  A.D.  949  the  Church  of  Reculver  was  annexed  to  Christ 
Church,  Canterbury,  by  grant  of  King  Edred.f 

This  grant  is  of  considerable  local  importance,  for  appended  to 
it  is  an  enumeration  of  lands  in  the  immediate  neighbourhood 
and  their  boundaries,  which  in  many  instances  have  been  identi- 
fied.    It   is   also  of   historical   interest,  being   prepared  by  the 

*  Tanner's  Notitia,  Kent,  Ixviii. 
t  Brit.  Museum,  MS.  (Cotton,  Aug.  11,  Art.  57.) 


celebrated  Dunstan,  Abbot  of  Glastonbury,  afterwards  Archbishop 
of  Canterbury,  who  subscribes  himself ''  Indignus  Abbas."  Although 
now  in  the  Hundred  of  Blengate,  Reculver,  at  the  time  of  the 
Conquest,  was  a  Hundred  by  itself,  and  in  a  flourishing  condition.* 

Reculver  was  of  old  the  Mother  Church  of  Hoath,  Heme,  and 
(in  Thanet)  St.  Nicholas,  and  All  Saints.  Upon  these  three  last, 
*'  in  signum  subjectionis  "  {i.e.,  in  token  of  subjection),  an  annual 
pension  was  imposed. t  By  the  same  decree  it  was  enacted  "  that 
"  the  vicars  of  these  parishes,  together  with  their  clergy  and 
"  parishioners,  should  attend  the  customary  processions,  and 
"  office  of  the  Mass,  at  Whitsuntide  and  Christmas,  and  that 
"  they  should  pay  to  the  Vicar  of  Reculver,  '  Obsequium  con- 
"  veniens  cum  reverentia  et  honore '  (suitable  deference,  with. 
"  reverence  and  honour)." 

The  Rev.  Francis  Green,  a  former  vicar  of  Reculver,  in  a 
letter  without  date,  but  between  1695  and  17 15,  thus  writes: — 
"  It  is  certain  the  Church  of  Reculver  is  one  of  the  most  ancient 
"  in  Kent,  and  (if  any  credit  is  to  be  given  to  an  inscription 
"  in  the  south-east  part  of  the  church)  King  Ethelbert  was 
"  buried  there.  The  Church  of  Reculver  is  lofty  and  well 
"  built ;  it  has  two  steeples  in  front,  one  of  which  contains 
"  four  bells.  It  has  two  stately  pillars  to  support  its  entrance, 
"  and  a  curious  ascent  to  the  Altar, :[  so  that  it  is  exceeded 
"by  few  in  Kent."  Further  on  he  writes,  "My  church,  by 
"the  ill  neighbourhood  of  the  sea,  and  being  too  indulgent  a 
"  mother  in  giving  large  portions  to  her  two  daughters.  Heme 
"  and  St.  Nicholas,  is  now  the  poorest  of  the  three. "§ 

But  although  Reculver  was  without  doubt  (as  Mr.  Green  states) 
"an  indulgent  mother,"  it  is  humiliating  for  the  Vicar  of  Heme 
to  have  to  confess  that  his  Parish  was  a  very  ungrateful  and 
refractory  daughter.  Trifling  and  inadequate  as  were  the  imposts 
levied,  both  parson  and  people  continually  tried  to  evade  them. 

In  1334  there  was  a  dispute  about  the  burial  of  the  Archbishop's 
tenants  "in  capite,"  in  which  the  decision  was  in  favour  of 
Reculver.  II     Twice,    in    1335,    the  parishioners   of  Heme   wer-e 

*  Domesday,  i,  3,  6. 

t  Reg.   Winchelsey,  f.   30.     The   Vicar  of   Heme  still  pays  the  pension 
imposed,  "quadraginta  solidos  "  (40s.),  the  churchwardens  5s. 
+  For  full  description,  see  Leland's  Itin.  vii.,  137. 
§  Notitia  Parochialis,  No.  1,616,  Lambeth  Lib. 
II  Reg.  Stratford  (Lambeth)  Feb.  1334. 

B    2 


threatened  with  excommunication  because  they  refused  to  bear 
their  proportion  of  the  repairs  of  the  Mother  Church,*  and  in  1637 
Archbishop  Laud  was  directed  to  proceed  with  all  expedition  "  in 
*'  a  cause  pending  between  the  inhabitants  of  Reculvcr  and  Heme, 
"touching  the  repair  of  the  Church  and  Steeple  of  Reculver."  f 

In  the  year  1 809,  under  the  pretext  of  the  impossibility  of 
resisting  the  encroachments  of  the  sea,  this  Church  was  shame- 
fully destroyed  by  those  who  were  its  appointed  guardians,  and  a 
miserable  building  erected  in  its  place  at  Hillborough,  so  badly 
constructed  that  it  only  lasted  65  years. 

Mr.  C.  Roach  Smith  thus  eloquently  writes  concerning  its 
destruction  : 

"  This  Church  had  special  claims  for  preservation. 

"  The  Roman  architecture  gave  it  a  distinctive  feature  of  remote 
"  antiquity,  of  which  it  would  be  difficult  to  find  another  example 
"  in  this  country.  It  stood  as  a  monument  of  the  downfall  of 
"  Paganism  and  the  triumph  of  Christianity ;  upwards  of  a 
"thousand  years  our  forefathers  had  preserved,  endowed,  and 
"  repaired  it ;  generation  after  generation  had  called  it  theirs,  and 
"  within  its  walls  had  ratified  the  obligations  of  social  life  ;  they 
"  had  died,  and  were  buried  about  it.  Tradition  hallowed  it  as 
"the  burial-place  of  Ethelbert,  who  received  and  protected 
"  Augustine.  Monuments  of  rich  and  influential  families,  whose 
"  near  relatives  lay  there  interred,  stood  within  and  around  its 
"  walls. 

"  The  Church,  at  the  commencement  of  the  present  century, 
"  though  it  had  been  neglected  and  was  dilapidated,  might  have 
"  been  easily  repaired,  but  the  gentry  and  clergy  abandoned  it  to 
"  jobbers  and  speculators,  who  seized  upon  the  venerable  pile, 
"  tore  it  to  pieces,  and  divided  the  spoil ;  and  old  people,  who 
"  remember  the  circumstances,  tell  how  the  bells  fell  to  the  share 
**  of  one,  the  lead  to  another,  recount  the  prices  at  which  the 
"materials  were  sold,  and  relate  how,  ere  long,  the  curse  of 
"  Heaven  fell  on  all  the  destroyers  of  the  Church ;  that  nothing 
"  prospered  with  them,  and  that,  at  last,  they  and  their  families 
"  came  to  misery  and  ruin."  % 

Those  who  are  inclined  to  go  into  the  repulsive  details  of  this 
shameful  destruction  should  consult  the  "  Gentleman's  Magazine  " 

*  Reg.  Stratford  (Lambeth)  March,  1335. 
t  Reg.  Laud,  p.  i.,  fol.  286  a.  b.  t  Antiq.  of  Reculver,  p.  200. 


for  the  years  1808 — 18 10  ;  one  contributor  to  which  writes,  "  Time 
"was,  when  a  man  was  famous  as  he  assisted  in  adorning  the 
"  House  of  God  ;  but  now  they  break  down  the  carved  work  with 
"axes  and  hammers,"  and  another,  "  Some  beautiful  brasses  have 
"  been  stolen  within  these  two  months  ;  "  and  another  (accompany- 
ing his  remark  by  an  illustration),  "  The  old  vicarage  house  has 
"  been  converted  into  a  gin  and  beer  shop,  and  christened  '  The 

These  statements  are  further  corroborated  by  the  testmiony  of 
the  Parish  Clerk  (in  his  own  handwriting)  :  "  1805,  Reculver 
"  Church  and  Village  stood  in  safetey;  1806,  the  sea  begun  to 
"make  a  little  incroach  on  the  willage  ;  1807,  the  farmers  begun 
"  take  up  the  seaside  stonework,  and  sold  it  to  the  Margate 
"  Pier  Compney  for  a  foundation  for  the  new  peir,  and  the 
"  timber  by  action  [auction],  as  it  was  good  oak  fit  for  their 
"hoame  use,  and  than  the  willage  became  a  total  rack  to  the 
"  mercy  of  the  sea. 

"Oct.  13th,  1802. — The  Chapel  house  fell  down  [here  some 
"  connecting  remarks  are  wanting].  This  being  all  dun  and 
"  spread  abroad,  the  people  come  from  all  parts  to  see  the  ruines 
"  of  village  and  the  church.  Mr.  C.  C.  nailor  been  Vicar  of  the 
"  parish,  his  mother  fancied  the  church  was  keep  for  a  poppet 
"  show,  and  she  persuaded  har  son  to  take  it  down,  so  he  took 
"  it  in  consideration,  and  named  it  to  the  farmers  in  the  parish 
"  about  taking  it  down ;  sum  was  for  it  and  sum  against  it ;  than 
"  Mr.  nailor  wrote  to  the  Bishop  to  know  if  he  might  have  the 
"  church  took  down,  and  is  answer  was,  it  must  be  dun  by  a  ma- 
"  jority  of  the  people  in  the  parish,  so  hafter  a  long  time  he  got 
"the  majority  of  one,  so  down  come  the  Church. 

"  for  it,  Mr.  Nailor,  vicker,   Mr.  Tom  denne,  Reculver,  Mr. 

"  W.  Staines,  Brooke,  Mr.  Tom  Fix,  hilbrow  : — Against  it,  Mr. 

"Wm.    Brown,    Reculver,  Mr.  Step.    Bayer,  Bishopstone,  Mr. 

"  Brett,  Clark  to  the  old  church  40  years. 

"  The  last  tax  [text]  that  Mr.  nailor  took  was  these  words,  Let 
"  your  ways  be  the  ways  of  rightness,  and  your  path  the  peace, 
"and  down  come  the  church,  and  whot  wos  is  thoats  about  is 
"  flock  that  day  no  one  knows."  f 

*  "The  Hoy  and  Anchor,"  according  to  the  late  Mr.  Frank  Buckland,  who 
states  that  he  discovered  the  old  signboard  and  saved  it  from  destruction, 
Oct.  3rd,  1^6^.— Land  and  Water,  May,  1871. 

t"  Reculver  Church,"  by  George  Dowker,  p.  10. 


Of  this  church,  it  is  sad  to  record,  little  now  is  left  from  the 
hands  of  the  destroyer.  The  towers,  west  doorway,  with  wall 
and  gable  above,  a  portion  of  the  walls  of  the  chancel,  and  little 
more  than  the  foundations  of  the  nave  and  aisles,  are  all  that 
remain,  /;;  sitii^  of  this  ancient  and  interesting  structure.  For  the 
preservation  of  these  ruins  even  as  they  are,  the  country  (for  the  in- 
terest is  national)  is  indebted  to  the  Corporation  of  Trinity  House. 

In  i8og  the  Brethren  arranged  to  expend  ;!{^5oo  upon  groynes 
"  to  preserve  the  towers  of  the  ancient  church,  as  the  most 
"  distinguishing  landmark  for  that  part  of  the  coast." 

•^.-ctmir  -n.iT  .iTIf  >li --^■■g 

In  181 1  they  purchased  of  the  Vicar  (Rev.  C.  Naylor)  and  the 
Churchwardens  the  towers  V.  C.  for  ;^ioo;  and  in  1866,  "to 
"  prevent  the  further  fall  of  the  cliff  and  the  depredations  of 
"  persons  taking  away  the  bones  jutting  thereupon  "  [the  writer  has 
seen  full-length  skeletons,  very  long,  exposed  to  view,  probably 
ihose  of  the  Danes  or  Jutes  who  perished  in  predatory  incur- 
sions], "  covered  the  entire  hill  with  granite." 

But  besides  the  ruins  of  Reculver,  already  described,  and  far 
exceeding  them  in  archaeological  (I  should  rather  say  national) 
interest,  are  the  two  Roman  columns  of  the  chancel  arch  (see 


plate),  part  of  the  old  Basilica,  happily  discovered  uninjured  by  that 
distinguished  labourer  in  the  cause  of  science,  Dr.  Sheppard, 
which  are  now  safely  preserved  in  the  precincts  of  Canterbury 
Cathedral.  ••' 

Is  it  not  to  be  regretted  that  these  remarkable  relics — I  believe 
absolutely  unique — are  not  restored  to  Reculver,  and  replaced 
upon  their  own  foundations,  which  yet  remain  ? 

*  Arch.  Cant.,  vol.  iii.,  p.  135-6. 


l^arisfi  of  f^ernr, 

jl|JcERNE,  or  Hearn,  is  situated  in  the  north  part  of  Kent.  The 
"-^^  church,  which  is  in  the  centre  of  the  parish,  is  six  miles  north 
of  Canterbury,  on  the  high  road,  and  two  miles  south  of  Heme  Bay 


It   is  also   written   in  ancient  documents  "  Hierne,"  "  Hyerne," 
''  Huerne,"  "  Heron,"  "  Keren,"  and  "  Henn." 

Hasted  *  and  Ireland  f  derive  it   from  the  Saxon  Hyrne  or 
Hurne,  a  corner;  Philpot  "from  the  breeding  of  Hemes  %  there." 

*  Vol.  iii.,p.  617.         t  Vol.    .,  p.  410.       J  Villare  Cantianum,  Index,  p.  397. 


It  has  an  area  of  4,829  acres,  and  a  population  of  4,259.  Besides 
the  Parish  Church,  there  is  another,  Christ  Church,  with  an 
ecclesiastical  district  assigned  to  it — the  well-known  and  now 
rapidly  improving  and  increasing  watering  place,  Heme  Bay. 

There  is  no  doubt  that  in  former  times,  when  families  of  wealth 
and  influence  occupied  the  different  mansions  that  then  existed, 
the  parish  was  both  populous  and  flourishing. 

Archbishop  Islip  (1352)  obtained  a  grant  of  a  market  and  fair; 
"  the  market  to  be  held  weekly,  on  a  INIonday,  and  a  fair  yearly, 
on  the  feast  of  St.  Martin  and  the  day  afterwards."^-'  Bishop 
Ridley,  in  his  farewell  to  Heme,  addresses  it  as  "  thou  worshipful 
and  wealthy  parish.'' 

It  is  usually  divided  into  five  boroughs — "  Hampton,"  "  Thorn- 
den,"  "  Stroud,"  "  Hawe,"  and  "  Beltinge  ;"  associated,  some  of 
them,  with  the  names  of  distinguished  families,  of  which  nothing 
now  remains  but  memory.  But  besides  these,  there  were  other 
places  of  note,  now  almost  forgotten. 


Hawe. — The  manor  house  of  Hawe,  or  Haghe,  situated  in  a 
valley,  about  a  third  of  a  mile  east  of  the  church,  was  one  of  the 
most  remarkable.  It  was  surrounded  by  a  moat,  which  still 
exists.  In  the  reign  of  Richard  II.  (1337 — 99)  it  was  held  by  Sir 
William  Waleys,  whose  only  daughter  Elizabeth  carried  it  by 
marriage  to  Sir  Peter  Halle  (See  Brass,  No.  i)  "  whose  grandson, 
Matthew  sold  his  interest  to  Sir  John  Fineux,  who  rebuilded  the 
mansion  and  afterwards  retired  to  it."  f 

"  Matthew  Philip,  Citizen,  Goldsmith,  and  Mayor  of  the  City 
of  London,"  also  possessed  it,  together  with  the  Manor  of  Under- 
down.     (See  Brass  III.,  and  Old  Wills.) 

The  reason  asigned  by  Leland  for  the  selection  of  this  spot  by 
Sir  John  Fineux  as  his  dwelling-place  is  interesting,  and  must  be 
very  gratifying  to  the  parishioners  at  the  present  time,  as  it 
corroborates  the  favourable  testimony  which  the  Registrar  General 
has  repeatedly  given  as  to  the  healthiness  of  the  locality.  "  Olde 
"  Finioux  buildid  his  faire  house  on  purchasid  ground  for  the 
"■  comodite  of  preservinge  his  healthe,  so  that  afore  the  physicians 
"  concludid  that  it  was  an  exceeding  helthful  quarter."  % 

*  Pat.  Anno  25  Edw.  III.,  N.  31. 
t  Hasted,  vol.  iii.,  617.  %  Itin.,  vol.  vi.,  p.  8. 


Of  this  manor  nothing  now  remains  but  the  moat,  some  out- 
buildings of  interesting  fifteenth  century  brickwork,  and  some 
pieces  of  a  moulded  doorway  of  the  Tudor  period,  which,  in  all 
probability,  belonged  to  the  "  faire  house  "  of  Sir  John  Fineux.* 

Stroud,  or  Strode  (formerly  Seas  or  Atte-Seas  Court)  is  situated 
in  the  park  close  by  the  church.  Philpot,  in  his  description  of 
this  manor  (a.d.  1559),  tells  us  that  "for  some  ages  it  owned  the 
**  name  and  interest  of  At  Sea,  till  fate  and  time,  that  are  the 
"  common  sepulchre  of  families,  by  sale  gave  up  the  fee  simple,  an 
"  age  or  two  since,  to  Knowler."f  The  Knowlers  were  a  family  of 
great  distinction,  who  ultimately  became  possessed  of  large  estates, 
not  only  in  Heme,  but  also  in  Hoath  and  Chislet. 

The  family  of  "  Churche  "  was  also  connected  with  this  borough. 
"  James  a  Churche  made  a  grant  of  sixteen  pence  a  year  at  Le 
"  Platts,  in  Strode  burgh,  to  the  Hospital  of  Harbledown,  1 3th 
March,  1492,"]:  and  on  the  23rd  of  the  same  month  and  year, 
another  bequest  of  "  eightpence  yearly  out  of  a  messuage  and 
"  3  acres  of  land  in  Strode  borough  in  Herne."§ 

A  view  of  the  old  house  (  "  the  seat  of  Gilbert  Knowler,  Esq.") 
will  be  found  in  Buncombe's  "  History  of  Herne."|| 

Uiiderdown  (at  Eddington)  is  a  manor  of  ancient  date.  "  In  1 335 
"  James  Bate  granted  to  Nicholas  de  Underdowne  i  acre  3  roods 
'•  at  Gateheye,  in  Herne."^ 

It  was  at  one  time  in  the  possession  of  the  Sea,  or  At-Sea, 
family.  "  John  Atte  Sea  died  possessed  of  it  in  the  year  1458,  as 
"did  his  descendant,  William,  in  1545."** 

His  descendant  John  Sea  (see  Brass  No.  5),  dying  in  1604, 
devised  his  manor  of  Underdown  to  his  eldest  son  Edward,  who 
afterwards  disposed  of  it  to  Robert  Knowler,  whose  family  had 
been  resident  in  this  parish  as  early  as  King  Henry  the  Seventh's 
reign.  Robert  Knowler  died,  possessed  of  it,  in  1635,  and  was 
buried  in  the  Chantry  Chapel  of  this  church  {inde  Plate,  p.  28),  and 
his  descendants  continued  to  reside  at  it  down  to  Gilbert  Knowler, 
who  resided  at  Stroud.     It  afterwards  became  the  property  of  the 

*  These  now  form  a  bridge  over  a  dyke  between  Hawe  and  Broomfield, 
across  the  fields. 

t  Villare  Cantianum,  p.  185.  +  Harbledown  Private  Deeds,  No.  92. 

^  Harbledown  Private  Deeds,  No.  93. 

II  Bib.  Top.  Brit,  xviii.,  p.  9S.  IT  Harbledown  Private  Deeds,  No.  80. 

**  Hasted,  vol.  iii.,  p.  617. 


Oxendens  (a  very  ancient  family),    one  of  whom   (Sir  George) 
rebuilt  the  house. 

In  the  several  wills  of  this  family  in  the  Consistorial  Court  at 
Canterbury,  the  name  of  Sea  is  never  mentioned,  but  will  be 
found  under  the  heading  "  Manor  of  Underdown." 

Lottinge,  also  written  Louting,  was  formerly  a  small  manor 
situated  in  the  north-west  part  of  the  parish,  belonging  to  the 
family  of  Greenshield,  the  last  of  whom,  Henry,  died  without 
issue,  and  the  property  was  sold  in  accordance  with  his  will,  to 
John  Quekes,  of  Birchington. 

Makenbrooke. — The  Manor  of  Makenbrooke  (now  almost  for- 
gotten) was  situated  in  the  north-west  part  of  the  parish.  It  was 
formerly  part  of  the  ancient  possessions  of  the  See  of  Canterbury, 
and  was  held  "by  Knyte's  fee."  In  the  reign  of  William  the 
Conqueror,  "  Vitalis  de  Canterbury  held  12  acres  (agros)  and  half 
"  a  suling  in  Macebroc  of  the  Archbishop,"*  after  which  it  came 
into  the  possession  of  a  family  who  assumed  their  name  from  it ; 
in  A.D.  1290,  Archbishop  Peckham  received  homage  from  Hamo 
de  Makenbroke.  t 

"In  the  year  1544  Anthony  See  died  seized  (possessed)  of  it, 
held  of  the  Archbishop  by  Knight's  Service."  4 

Ridgiiiay,  situated  on  a  ridge  a  little  to  the  south-east  of  the 
church,  was  also  a  place  of  some  importance.  "  Edward  Monins, 
"  of  Waldershire,  by  his  will,  proved  1553,  devised  to  his  son 
"  Richard,  and  Catherine  his  wife,  his  manor,  or  messuage,  called 
"  Reggeway.":|:  The  family  of  Monins  is  very  ancient,  and  intimately 
connected  with  Heme.  Sir  Simon  de  Monins  came  over  with  the 
Conqueror,  and  their  arms  (three  crescents)  are  sculptured. on  one 
of  the  shields  of  the  Font  (wrongly  ascribed  in  Simpson's  "  Series 
of  Ancient  Fonts"  to  Holowe),§  and  also,  together  with  those  of 
Stephen  Knowler,  on  a  stone  slab  in  the  nave.  This  Manor  now 
belongs  to  the  Bering  family,  also  very  ancient  and  distinguished. 

Thornden,  situated  about  two  miles  and  a  half  west  of  the 
Church,  is  a  very  ancient  place,  although  there  are  no  remains 
or  records,  except  a  few  grants,  of  the  families  who  lived  there. 

*  MS.  cited  by  Somner,  appendix  p.  45,  as  Domesday  Book, 
t  Hasted,  vol.  iii.  619.  j  Hasted  iii.  620. 

§  Perpendicular  Period.     Heme  Church  Font. 


In  1332,  "  Richard  Attc  Brooke  granted  to  Henry  de  Suthreye 
"  and  Christian  his  wife,  one  acre  of  land  in  the  Parish  of  Heme 
"and  Burgh  of  Thorndcnne."* 

In  1338,  "Walter  Bayli  granted  to  Henry,  son  of  Richard  de 
"Suthreye,  and  his  wife,  two  acres  in  Thorndenne  Borough."  f 

In  1429,  "John  a  Churche  gave  8d.  yearly  and  two  acres 
"  and  a-half  at  Stockgrove,  in  Thornden,  in  Heme,  to  the  Prior 
"of  Harbledown."t 

Belti?ige. — Although  very  little  is  known  about  Beltinge,  there  is 
no  doubt  that  its  history,  if  it  could  be  discovered,  would  be  far 
more  ancient  and  interesting  than  that  of  any  other  place  in  the 

The  name  alone  bespeaks  its  Pagan  origin,  being  evidently 
derived  from  Bel,  or  Baal  (the  deity  whose  name  is  found  in  the 
composition  of  so  many  Tyrian  and  Carthaginian  names.  Sc.  Baal- 
Bek.)  and  "ting,"  or  "thing,"  an  assembly,  from  the  old  Norse 
"  tinga,"  to  speak,  and  allied  with  the  English  word  "  think." 
The  first  syllable  is  found  elsewhere,  as  in  "  Waldershire," 
(Baldershire,  from  the  cognate  Balder),  and  "  Balham."  The 
Northmen,  according  to  Taylor,  introduced  the  word  "  ting ''  into 
England,  and  it  still  exists  among  us,  as  in  "  Hastings " — 
"  House-things. "§ 

Mr.  W.  de  Gray  Birch  thinks  that  "  some  of  the  barrows,  or 
other  likely  places,  should  be  opened,"  and-  believes  that  "careful 
investigation  would  lead  to  interesting  results." 

Rectory  House  "The  Old  Rectory"  (according  to  Hasted), 
"  stood  in  the  hamlet  of  Eddington,  opposite  to  Underdown.  It 
was  once  a  place  of  considerable  importance,  in  the  form  of  a 
quadrangle,  one  side  of  which  only  remains."||  The  Milles  family 
(now  Earl  Sondes)  resided  in  it  for  several  generations.  They 
were,  for  a  great  many  years,  the  Impropriators  of  the  great  tithes, 
and  large  benefactors  to  the  church  and  parish.^ 

Ford  House  (the  site  of  the  oldest  manor  belonging  to  the  See 
of  Canterbury)  is  not  in  Heme,  but  in  Hoath,  being  separated  by 
the  highway,  which  divides  the  two  parishes.     It  is,  however,  such 

*  Harbledown  Private  Deeds,  No.  77.   f  Harbledown  Private  Deeds,  No.  79. 
X  Harbledown  Private  Deeds,  No.  94. 

§  Words  and  Places,  p.  199.  ||  Hasted,  vol.  iii.  p.  623. 

II  A  view  of  the  Old  Vicarage  Plouse  is  in  Duncombe's  Hist,  of  Heme. 
Bib.  Top.  Brit,  xviii.,  p.  98. 

PARISH    OF   HERNE.  13 

an  ancient  and  remarkable  placCj  and  so  intimately  connected  with 
Heme,  that  a  brief  description  cannot  fail  to  be  interesting.  "  It 
consisted  of  about  eight  acres,"  given  by  Ethelbert,  King  of  Kent, 
upon  which  a  spacious  edifice  was  built,  surrounded  by  a  moat. 
"There  was  a  park  belonging  to  the  manor,  of  166  acres,  and 
also  two  free  commons,"  "Hunter's  Borstal"  (now  Forstall) 
and  '•  Belting  Green."*  It  appears  from  the  register-book 
of  Reculver  (why  Reculver  and  not  Hoath,  does  not  appear) 
that  the  archbishop  had  a  chapel  at  Ford,  "  Francis,  sonne  of  Sir 
Thomas  Perryn,  knight,"  being  baptized  there  Sept.  28th,  .t62o.f 

Another  proof  of  this  is  furnished  by  the  following  entry  in  the 
register  book  of  Heme  :  "  Thomas,  son  of  John  Knowler,  baptized 
at  Ford,  26  April,  1607." 

The  difference  between  the  opinions  of  some  of  the  archbishops, 
as  to  tlie  healthiness  of  Ford,  is  very  amusing.  Morton  and  Parker 
considered  it  "low  and  unhealthy,"  and  the  latter  "petitioned  to 
"  have  it  pulled  down."  Cranmer  evidently  thought  otherwise,  as 
he  frequently  resided  there,  and  was  often  visited  by  his  friend 
Ridley,  Vicar  of  Heme.  In  1537,  when  the  Plague  raged  at 
Lambeth,  he  spent  a  good  deal  of  his  time  there,  during  which  the 
Bible  was  first  printed  in  English.  In  1552  he  was  there  again, 
and  it  is  very  remarkable  that,  although  suffering  from  ague  in  the 
summer  of  that  year,  he  removed  to  Ford  in  October.  Whitgift  also 
liked  the  place,  and  is  said  to  have  enjoyed  hunting  in  the  park.J 

Ford  is  further  celebrated  as  having  been  visited  by  Royalty. 
In  one  of  his  excursions  to  the  continent.  King  Henry  VIII.  went 
in  his  barge  to  Gravesend,  landed  there,  and  proceeded  on  horse- 
back to  Ford,  where  he  remained  the  night  with  the  Archbishop 
(Cranmer),  and  continued  his  journey  the  next  day  to.  Dover, 
whence  he  embarked.  § 

The  place  was  demolished  about  the  year  1658,11  and  some 
idea  of  its  grandeur  may  be  formed  from  the  fact  that  the  bricks, 
timber,  and  other  materials,  which  were  sold  to  any  purchaser, 
were  valued  at  ;^84o.^  Sotne  of  the  stones  of  the  old  house  may,  1 
think,  be  still  seen  in  the  garden  im/nediately  opposite. 

Legends  and  stories  concerning  the  spring-s  (one  in  the  old 

*  Chartoi  Miscellanea;  MS.  Lib.  Lambeth.    Vol.  i.  31. 

t  Appointed  keeper  of  the  manor  and  palace  by  Archbishop  Abbot. 

X  Bib.  Top.  Brit.,  xviii.  112.  \  Ibid. 

II  Harris's  "  Hist,  of  Kent,"  p.  157.       II  Parliamentary  Survey  of  1647. 


palace  grounds,  and  another,  "  St.  Ethelburga's,"  in  a  meadow 
behind  the  house  opposite),  the  Vineyard,  and  the  Fishpond,  still 
linger  in  the  neighbourhood.  The  visitor,  besides  enjoying  a 
pleasant  walk,  will  be  amply  repaid  by  a  sight  of  the  objects  which 
still  remain,  the  interest  of  which  is  increased  by  the  halo  of 
antiquity  which  surrounds  them. 

Bleati  Union.— The  Blean  Union  must  certainly  be  classed  with 
places  of  note.  "  It  was  built  by  lease  of  charity  lands,  24th  June, 
"  1 791,  the  contracting  parties  being  the  Rev.  Joseph  Price,  vicar, 
"  and  eighteen  parishioners,  on  the  one  part,  and  Thomas  Reynolds 
"  — the  highest  bidder  at  a  public  auction — on  the  other.  Mr. 
"Reynolds  gave  ;^24o  for  the  lease  of  ten  acres  of  good  land  for 
"  102  years,  at  the  yearly  rental  of  £2.  2s. 

The  Charity  Commissioners,  in  their  report  (26th  June,  1836), 
urged  that  compensation  should  be  made  to  the  poor  for  the 
injury  which  this  transaction  effected,  and  the  money  invested  in 
the  funds  on  their  behalf,  and  with  this  view  they  certified  the  case 
to  the  Attorney-General.'^' 

A  worse  case  of  wrong  could  scarcely  be  found ;  and  this  is 
only  one  among  many  !  At  the  last  Inspection  (1873),  the 
Commissioner  expressed  a  fear  that  through  the  neglect  of  the 
authorities  (vicars,  churchwardens,  and  overseers),  the  value  of 
the  benefactions  on  behalf  of  the  church  and  poor  had  dwindled 
down  into  a  mere  rent  charge.     (See  Old  Wills.) 

It  ought  further  to  be  stated  that  ^/ic  poor  tvere  not  only 
defrauded  of  money,  but  also  of  light,  for  the  Blean  Union,  as  at 
first  built,  was  absolutely  without  a  window  in  the  outside  walls. 

In  Queen  Elizabeth's  reign  a  beacon  was  fixed  in  this  parish 
on  the  hill  where  the  Windmill  now  stands,  as  appears  by  a  chart 
of  the  beacons  in  Lambard's  Perambulation,  drawn  by  the 
direction  of  Sir  ^^'illiam  Brook,  Lord  Cobham,  Lord  Lieutenant 
of  the  county,  f 

The  parishioners  of  Heme,  both  gentle  and  simple,  have  ever 
been  fond  of  sports  and  pastimes.  It  has  been  already  stated 
that  even  an  archbishop  (Whitgift)  enjoyed  hunting,  of  which  the 
parishioners  are  to  this  day  very  fond.  In  the  middle  ages 
archery  was    evidently  practised.  J      Sometimes    these   pastimes 

*A.  Kent,  Heme  Charities.  t  Bib.  Top.  Brit.,  xviii.,  109. 

i  See  Parish  Register  1572. 


were  of  an  intellectual,  and  even  dramatic  character.  Canon 
Scott  Robertson,  in  his  "  Passion  Play  and  Interludes,"  writes  : 
''  Few  records  in  Kent  give  us  so  plain  a  proof  of  the 
"general  prevalence,  even  in  small  parishes,  of  these  Passion 
"  Plays,  or  Mysteries,  as  do  the  Archives  of  Romney  and  Lydd. 
"...  The  distance  of  the  parish  of  Heme  did  not  prevent  its 
"players  from  making  their  way  to  Romney  and  Lydd,  where  they 
"  knew  that  appreciative  audiences  would  be  found,  and  where 
"  the  municipal  authorities  would  not  only  pay  the  customary  fee 
"  of  6s.  8d.,  but  would  be  liberal  in  their  distribution  of  wine, 
"bread,  beer,  and  other  refreshments."* 

The  parishioners  of  Heme  were  equally  disposed  to  acknow- 
ledge and  remunerate  the  services  of  other  actors,  for  in  the 
records  of  the  corporation  of  New  Romney  there  is  an  item  : — 
"  7,  8  Hen.  vi.  (1429-30),  Given  to  certain  persons  coming  to 
"  Hyerne  with  a  certain  play,   los.   8d."f 

Three  hundred  years  afterwards  it  would  appear  from  the 
following  advertisement  that  popular  taste  had  somewhat  de- 
generated : — 

"  To  all  Gentlemen  of  Diversion,  &c.  At  Daniel  Dering's,  at 
"  the  sign  of  '  the  Rose  and  Man  of  War,'  Hearn,  on  Thursday 
"  next,  there  will  be  a  Hog  dressed  whole  (barbecued)  and  given 
"  away  ;  with  cock-fighting  and  other  entertainments. "| 

The  love  of  sport  stills  exists  in  the  parish,  but  it  is  happily 
improved,  owing,  no  doubt,  to  the  benign  influence  of  education. 

In  1866,  in  the  face  of  great  difficulties  and  discouragements, 
National  Schools  were  built  for  the  numerous  children  running 
about  wild;  and,  as  sympathetic,  generous,  and  encouraging 
promoters,  three  names  deserve  to  be  recorded — William  Richards, 
and  Charles  Jacomb,  of  Upper  Clapton,  and  George  John,  Lord 
Sondes,  all  now  no  more.  "  They  rest  from  their  labours,  and 
their  works  do  follow  them." 

*  Arch.  Cant.,  vol.  xiii.,  p.  225. 
t  Hist.  MS.  Comm.,  vol.  v.,  p.  437.  %  Kentish  Post,  July  15th,  1747. 





E\}t  Cijurcl)  of  f^erne* 

fHE  church,  "dedicated  to  St.  Martin  of  Tours"  (see  p.  16), 
consists  of  nave,  north  and  south  aisles,  chancel,  north  and 
south  chantry  chapels,  and  tower  at  the  north-west  angle.  It  is 
in  the  Hundred  of  Blean,  the  Deanery  of  Westbere,  and  the 
Diocese  of  Canterbury.  The  Archbishop  is  patron,  and  it  is 
exempt  from  the  archdeacon's  jurisdiction.  Its  value,  in  the  king's 
books,  is  :^2c  i6s.  3d.,  and  yearly  tenths  ^2  is.  7fd."* 

There  was,  without  doubt,  a  much  older  church  than  that  now 
existing,  and  some  of  its  stones  of  Norman  date,  moulded  and 
carved,  may  be  seen  in  the  walls  of  the  porch  and  west  front  of 
the  present  nave. 

Besides  the  evidence  afforded  by  deeds  of  gift  of  thirteenth 
century  date,  still  extant,  relating  to  church  and  churchyard, 
further  proof  of  the  existence  of  an  earlier  church  is,  I  think, 
furnished  by  "  an  archdeacon's  memoranda  of  offences  and 
deficiencies  in  the  churches  of  Heme,  St.  Nicholas,  and  All 
Saints,  in  the  thirteenth  century,"  at  least  a  century  before  any 
portion  of  the  present  church  could  have  existed.  The  extract 
(indexed  Heme)  is  very  remarkable,  and  the  severity  of  the  arch- 
deacon's rebuke  has  the  ring  of  the  prophet  Isaiah  ;  with  the 
exception  of  the  last  clause,  which  tends  rather  to  justify  the 
sarcasm  of  Erasmus,  "a  death-bed  was  a  friar's  harvest."! 

"  Books  are  deficient,  chancels  out  of  repair,  executors  remiss, 
"  and  Agnes  Curteys  is  a  standing  temptation  to  sin.  One 
'■'■parishioner  has  been  allcnved  to  die  intestate.^'X 

*  Bacon's  Liber  Regis,  p.  52.         t  Blunt's  "  Reformation,"  p.  42. 
X  Hist.  MS.  Commiss.  v.  437. 


As  the  date  of  the  present  church  cannot  be  earlier  than  the 
middle  of  the  fifteenth  century,  the  archdeacon  must  evidently  be 
alluding  to  a  much  older  church. 

The  Tower, — One  of  the  most  imposing  features  of  this  church 
is  its  massive  tower,  of  stone  and  faced  flint,  the  oldest  part  now 
remaining.  Its  staircase  is  considered  by  Brandon  "  very  elegant  ;"* 


it,  however,  very  greatly  diminishes  the  strength  of  the  tower,  being 
built  inside,  and  therefore  taking  the  place  of  the  two  north-east 
angle  buttresses,  one  of  which  is  further  weakened  by  a  doorway 
being  cut  through  it,  leading  from  the  staircase  to  the  roof  of  the 
north  aisle.  (See  plate  i.)  This  is  quite  clear,  from  the  threatening 

Anal,  of  Gothic  Archi.,  p.  15. 



cracks  and  fissures  in  the  north  and  east  faces  of  the  Tower,  and 
the  consequent  subsidence  has  caused  the  crushing  of  some  of 
the  mouldings  in  one  of  the  baptistery  arches,  also  in  the  cills  of  the 

Plate  2. — THE    BAPTISTERY. 

[See page  2i. 

Staircase  doorway,  and  windows.  So  ominous  have  these  fissures 
and  crushings  at  length  become,  that  the  architect  has  advised 
that  the  staircase  doorway,  and  the  short  gallery  leading  into  the 

C    2 





ringing  chamber  should  be  blocked  up  solidly  with  masonry,  and 
the  pier  of  one  of  the  windows  in  the  ringing  chamber  rebuilt, 
and  that,  until  this  has  been  done,  the  bells  should  not  be  rung. 

Porch. — The  Porch,  which  we  will  next  describe,  contains  two 
stoups  for  Holy  Water,  built  into  the  wall,  one  on  each  side  of  the 
entrance ;  and  besides  the  Norman  stones  (the  remains  of  the  older 
church  referred  to)  it  has  a  piece  of  the  old  porch  cross  built  into 


the  front  wall,  just  above  the  entrance  doorway.  Notice,  that 
instead  of  being  at  right  angles  to  the  church,  as  is  usual,  and  as 
all  illustrations  up  to  the  present  time  describe  it,  this  porch 
inclines  greatly  to  the  right,  thus  accommodating  itself  to  the 
pathway  leading  to  the  village,  which  probably  existed  in  the  time 
of  the  Norman  church.     (See  Ground  Plan,  p.  22.) 

Baptistery. — The  Baptistery,  which  is  formed  by  the  lower  stage 



THE    CHURCH    OF  HERNE.  23 

of  the  tower,  open  to  the  church,  is  full  of  architectural  beauty  and 
interest.  The  groined  roof — the  characteristic  corbel  heads* — the 
large  west  window  of  Early  Decorated  work  (described  in  Brandon) 
— the  north  window  (remarkable  as  having  double  cuspings  in  the 
tracery), — the  arches,  with  their  fine  mouldings  and  clustered 
shafts, — and  last,  but  not  least,  the  Font  itself,  are  all  worthy  of 
particular  notice.     (See  plate  2,  p.  19.) 

Font. — This  Font  formerly  stood  at  the  west  end  of  the  nave, 
and  is  of  corresponding  date ;  it  is  octagonal  in  form,  with  panel- 
ling and  shields  round  the  bowl,  and  its  pedestal  is  enriched  by 
delicate  tracery.  It  was  selected  by  Simpson  (in  his  "  Series  of 
Ancient  Fonts  ")  as  a  very  fine  and  complete  specimen  of  the 
Perpendicular  period. 

The  ist  shield  bears  the  arms  of  Henry  IV.,  quarterly — i,  4, 
France  (modern) ;  2,  3,  England. 

The  2nd,  the  arms  of  the  Monins  family,  three  crescents. 

The  3rd,  Saxton.     Three  wings  erect. 

The  4th,  Pelham.     Three  pelicans  vulning  themselves. 

The  5th,  Loveryk  (almost  obliterated)  on  a  chevron,  three  f 
leopards'  heads  ? 

The  6th,  Halle.     Barry  of  6  pieces,  3  escutcheons,  2  and  i .  \ 

The  7th,  Archbishop  Arundel.  Per  pale,  dexter,  See  of 
Canterbury,  sinister  chequey,  i.e.,  Arundel. 

The  8th,  symbols  of  the  Passion.  Fabulous  arms,  ascribed 
by  the  heralds  to  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ. 

By  means  of  the  first  and  seventh  of  these  shields,  we  are 
enabled  to  fix  the  precise  date  of  the  font  as  between  1396  and  141 4. 

North  Aisle. — The  North  Aisle,  immediately  adjoining  the  bap- 
tistery, is  the  only  part  of  the  church  not  restored.  The  visitor  has 
only  to  look  up  at  the  ceiling  to  see  the  pressing  need  of  a  new  roof, 
in  place  of  the  present  unsightly  lean-to  one  of  lath  and  plaster, 
through  which  the  rain  drips  at  every  shower.  (See  plate  3,  p.  20.) 
Two  mural  slabs  of  white  marble  on  the  tower  buttress,  in  memory 
of  Helen  Grace  Loughman  (nee  Brown)  and  Florence  Gray  (nee 
Lee),  cousins,  tell  a  sad  tale  of  the  frailty  of  human  life.  The  two 
windows,  deeply  set,  and  splayed  with  heads  like  those  in  the 

*  The  head-dress  of  the  one  in  the  north-east  angle  closely  resembles  that  of 
the  wifeof  Sir  Peter  Halle.     (See  Brass  No.  I.) 

t  See  "  Brasses,"  No.  VII.,  Anthony  Loveryk,  p.  43. 
X  See  Brass  No.  I,  Sir  Peter  Halle. 


baptistery,  are  filled  with  stained  glass ;  one  is  in  memory  of 
Rosalind  Aglaia  Leaf,  the  other  (by  Clayton  and  Bell,  and  the  best 
in  the  church),  in  memory  of  Eliza  Pegg.*  William  Rogers  (died 
1773)  and  John  Wood  (died  1831),  former  vicars,  are  buried  in 
this  aisle. 

The  chief  point  of  interest  in  this  part  of  the  church  is  the  fine 
old  screen  which  separates  the  north  aisle  from  the  north  chantry, 
or  Milles's  Chapel.     (See  plate  5,  p.  25.) 

Canon  Scott  Robertson,  in  a  very  interesting  paper  on  Kentish 
Rood  Screens,  pronounces  it  to  be  "  a  screen  of  remarkably  good 
"  design,  the  top  of  which  bears  indubitable  traces  of  a  rood-loft." 
"We  know,"  he  adds,  "  that  there  were  such  rood-lofts  in  the  side 
"  aisles  of  some  churches."  f 

This  is  undoubtedly  true,  but  in  this  case  I  think  he  is  mistaken. 
I  am  of  opinion,  after  due  consideration  and  consultation,  that 
this  is  the  original  Rood-Screen  which  occupied  the  place  of  the 
modern  Chancel-Screen,  and  the  measurements  and  facts  generally 
tend  to  prove  it. 

Nave. — We  now  come  to  the  Nave.  This  is  very  wide,  and, 
together  with  the  north  and  south  aisles,  forms  an  exact  square. 

It  has  on  the  north  side  four  pointed  arches,  including  that  of 
the  tower  ;  and  five  on  the  south. 

The  octagonal  pillars,  of  Bethersden  marble,  are  very  light  and 
graceful.  The  mouldings  on  the  arches  of  the  south  arcade  are 
different  from  those  of  the  north. 

If  the  visitor  will  here  notice  a  peculiar,  but  very  picturesque, 
arch  above  the  tower  arch  of  the  baptistery,  opening  into  the 
west  end  of  the  nave,  he  will  have  another  very  clear  proof  of  the 
existence  of  a  church  anterior  to  the  present  one.  (See  plate  6, 
p.  26.)  The  nave  and  north  aisle  are  evidently  built  up  to,  and  even 
carefully  fitted  to,  the  tower ;  the  difficulty  with  regard  to  the 
westernmost  arch  of  the  nave  arcade  (north  side)  being  cleverly 
overcome  in  the  manner  described. 

There  was,  in  all  probability,  first  a  Norman  church,  of  which 

*  The  quality  and  design  of  the  coloured  glass  throughout  is  much  to  be 
regretted  in  this  as  in  so  many  other  churches.  Within  the  last  fifty  years, 
millions  of  money  have  been  thrown  away  on  glass  of  this  kind,  a  great  deal 
of  which  is  now  being  replaced.  The  visitor  has  only  to  compare  the  Window 
of  Clayton  and  Bell  with  some  of  the  others,  to  see  the  truth  of  this. 

t  Arch.  Cant.,  XIV.,  371. 



the  stones  already  alluded  to  formed  a  part.  To  this  the  present 
tower  was  added  about  a.d.  1350,  and  subsequently,  when  the  old 
Norman  church  was  pulled  down,  leaving  the  tower  standing,  the 

■&  \  I  if^'^^^^cam 


Plate  5. — OLD  SCREEN. 

\See  page  24. 

present  church  was  built ;  the  date  of  which  may  be  put  as  early 
in  the  15th  century. 

Brandon,  Rickman,  and  Sir  Stephen   Glynne,  are  all  incorrect 





in  describing  certain  portions  of  the  church  as  "  Early  English." 
As  the  late  Mr.  Street  remarked  in  a  paper  read  some  years  ago 
at  the  Royal  Institute  of  British  Architects,*  "  Mediaeval  archi- 
"  tects  occasionally  closely  imitated  the  styles  of  previous  periods 
"  of  architecture,  chiefly  the  Early  English  or  lancet  styles." 

The  lancet  windows  in  the  tower  and  chancel  and  other  parts 
certainly  resemble  Early  English,  but  Early  English  they  are  not. 
At  the  western  end  of  the  nave  there  is  a  very  large  window,  with 
five  lights,  known  to  archgeologists  as  Perpendicular,  or  third  pointed. 

At  the  east  end  is  a  handsome  modern  Chancel  Screen,  boldly 
carved.  The  opening  in  the  wall  at  the  south-east  corner  of  the 
nave  was  anciently  the  m^ans  of  access  to  the  old  rood-loft ; 
the  narrow  passage  way  behind,  still  bears,  shoulder  high  on  the 
plaster  work,  the  impress  of  those  who  passed  through  it  more 
than  300  years  ago.  Three  oak  steps  yet  remain  in  the  passage, 
and  form  a  part  of  the  old  approach  from  below. 

Memorial  stones  with  inscriptions  and  arms  mark  the  vaults 
beneath  of  the  ancient  families  of  "  Knowler,"  "  Monins,"t 
"  Conyers,"  and  "  Fagg." 

South  Aisle. — The  South  Aisle  contains  a  modern  3-light 
window  at  the  west  end,  and  along  the  side  three  ancient  2-light 
windows,  similar  to  those  in  the  north  aisle,  but  of  plainer 
character.  These  are  filled  with  stained  glass,  one  in  memory  of 
Edward  Reynolds  Collard,  and  two  in  memory  of  William 
Newton  (a  former  Churchwarden,  who  took  an  active  interest  in 
the  church),  his  wife,  and  two  children. 

There  are  also  mural  tablets  in  memory  of  the  families  of 
"  May,"  "  Collard,"  and  "  Belsey,"  and  a  stone  statue  of  Bishop 
Ridley,  "some  time  vicar,"  occupies  a  Gothic  niche  in  the  centre 
of  the  south  wall. 

An  old  and  very  interesting  Piscina  (place  for  cleansing  the  Holy 
Vessels)  formerly  blocked  up,  will  be  noticed  in  the  wall  near  the 
vestry  door.     It  has  a  Tudor  Rose  carved  in  the  bowl. 

South  Chantry  Chapel. — The  South  Chantry  Chapel  (commonly 
called  the  "Knowler  Chapel  ")  is  divided  from  the  nave  by  an  arch 
of  simple  but  good  proportions  ;  it  has  a  Perpendicular,  or  third 
pointed,  window  of  four  lights  on  the  east  side,  and  two  of  two  lights, 
of  the  same  period,  on  the  south.     The  old  oak  roof  still  remains. 

*  29th  Nov.,   1869.         t  With  arms,  three  crescents,  same  as  on  font. 



This  chapel  literally  teems  with  monuments  of  the  Knowlers, 
and  also  of  the  Pembrooks  and  Fairmans,  with  whom  they  are 
connected  by  marriage.  The  following  are  a  few  of  the  most 
important : — 

1.  In  the  south-east  corner,  a  very  handsome  Jacobean  mural 
monument,  in  memory  of  Robert  Knowler  of  Heme  (died  1635), 
and  Susan,  his  wife  (died  1631).     (See  plate.) 

2.  Under  the  organ,  a  black  marble  slab,  in  memory  of  Thomas, 

son  of  the  above,  a  bachelor, 
who  died  1658.  He  was  a  great 
benefactor.  (See  Old  Wills.) 
On  his  gravestone  it  is  written 
that  "he  gave  £\o  to  buy  a 
pulpit  cloth  marked  "T.  K., 
"  and  the  communion  table 
"cloth,  and  ^10  to  be  dis- 
"  tributed  upon  the  day  of  his 
"  burial,  unto  the  poor,  and  ;^2 
"  per  annum  for  ever  to  repair 
"  the  isle  in  which  he  lay,  and 
"  J^S  P^'^  annum  for  ever  to 
"  clothe  the  poor  of  this  parish, 
"  out  of  his  farm  at  Belting,  in 
"  this  parish.  '  The  righteous 
"shall  be  held  in  everlasting 
"  remembrance.'  " 

3.  Also  under  the  organ,  John 
Knowler,  another  son  (died 
1655),  Robert,  son  of  John 
(died  1693),  and  Elizabeth  his 
wife  (died  1693),  also  of 
Catherine,  their  daughter  (died  1708),  and  of  Elizabeth,  another 
daughter  (died  1724).     The  epitaph  is  still  visible. 

"  All  must  to  their  cold  graves  ; 
But  the  religious  actions  of  the  just 
Smell  sweet  in  death,  and  blossom  in  the  dust." 


In  meviory  of  Robert  Knowler,  died  1635, 
and  Susanna,  died  1631. 

4.  On  a  black  marble  slab  in  the  centre  is  an  inscription  in 
memory  of  Gilbert  Knowler,  of  Stroud  in  Heme,  Knight  (great 
grandson  of  the  first),  and  his  three  wives — Elizabeth,  daughter  of 


Elias  Juxon ;  Honeywood,  daughter  of  Vincent  Denne,  and 
Susanna,  daughter  of  Martin  Lister.  The  arms  of  all  the  families 
are  duly  incised. 

5.  In  the  north-west  corner  is  a  mural  monument  of  sienna 
marble  of  Gilbert  Knowler,  son  of  last  (died  1737),  and  Mary  his 
wife  (died  1735). 

On  a  flat  stone,  under  the  organ,   is  the  following   curious 
epitaph  : — 

"  Here  lies  a  piece  of  Christ,  a  star  in  dust, 
A  vein  of  gold,  a  china  dish  which  must 
Be  used  in  heaven,  when  God  shall  feed  the  just.* 
Approved  by  all,  and  loved  so  well, 
Though  young,  like  fruit  that's  ripe  he  fell." 

The  fine  organ  (built  by  Mr.  T.  C  Lewis  in  1870,  by  collec- 
tions and  contributions)  has  been  recently  enlarged,  remodelled, 
and  re-voiced,  by  Messrs.  Michell  and  Thynne,  at  the  expense  of 
Mrs.  Pegg,  in  memory  of  her  daughter  Eliza. 

Chancel. — The  Chancel  in  1869  was  quite  bare,  and  open  to 
the  nave  and  north  chantry  chapel.  The  ancient  choir  stalls, 
called  "  Miserere,"  very  fine,  and  beautifully  carved,  were 
scattered  about  the  church,  and  the  sedilia,  or  seats  for  the 
celebrant  and  his  assistants,  were  completely  defaced  and  blocked 
up  by  the  large  pyramidal  monument  in  memory  of  Samuel  Milles 
(died  1727). 

The  end  of  the  Subsellia  (east  of  south  side,  see  plate  7,  page 
30)  struck  the  keynote  of  the  restoration.  By  placing  this  in  its 
present  position,  the  architect,  Mr.  William  White,  was  enabled  to 
replace  the  other  parts  in  their  proper  places,  and  what  was  missing 
was  made  good. 

The  monument  of  Samuel  Milles  was  removed  (by  kind  per- 
mission, and  at  the  expense  of  the  late  Lord  Sondes)  to  the 
Milles  chapel  (see  plates  3  and  4) ;  and  the  seats  of  the  sedilia, 
when  restored,  gave  the  levels  of  ascent  (seven  in  number)  from 
the  nave  to  the  Altar.  The  Chancel  was  repaved  with  encaustic 
tiles,  and,  in  addition  to  the  new  Choir  stalls,  a  new  Altar,  bishop's 
chair,  and  lectern    of  carved  oak,  were   provided  by  collection 

♦  The  first  three  lines  are  copied  from  an  epitaph  for  a  godly  man's  tomb  in 
Wild's  Iter  Boreale,  &c.,  p.  46.  The  following  is  the  counterpart,  for  a 
wicked  man's  tomb  : — 

"  Here  lies  the  carcase  of  a  cursed  sinner, 
Doomed  to  be  roused  for  the  devil's  dinner." 



and  contribution.  Miss  Mary  Laskerville  gave  a  very  handsome 
corona,  in  memory  of  her  sister  Jane  ;  the  Ecclesiastical  Commis- 
sioners thoroughly  restored  the  roof;  and  Mrs.  Frances  Louisa  i 

Plate  7. — CHANCEL. 

Smith,  of  Heme  Bay,  crowned  the  whole  by  the  munificent  gifts  of 
Reredos,  stained  glass  East  window,  Chancel  Screen,  separating 
Chancel  from  North  Chantry  Chapel,  two  large  brass  candelabra, 



one  on  each  side  of  the  Altar,  and  the  stained  glass  windows  and 
new  oak  benches  in  the  porch,  at  the  cost  of  nearly  a  thousand 
pounds.  The  architects  for  Mrs.  Smith's  gift  were  Messrs.  Goldie 
and  Child  ;  the  sculptor,  Mr.  Earp  ;  and  the  artist  in  glass,  Mr, 

East  IVindow. — The  East  Window,  of  five  lights,  is  noticeable 
for  its  cluster  of  circles  in  the  upper  part,  which  at  first  seems  to 

be  Early  English,  or  first  pointed 
work.  It  is,  however,  of  the  same 
date  as  the  rest  of  the  church  (except 
the  tower),  viz.,  third  pointed,  or 

The  two  other  windows,  of  single 
lights  (also  resembling  Early  English) 
are  both  filled  with  stained  glass, 
well  executed;  the  North  ("The 
Resurrection") in  memory  of  William 
Wood;  the  South  ("The  Ascen- 
sion ")  in  memory  of  the  Rev.  John 
Wood,  Vicar  (died  1831,  the  father 
of  the  former),  and  Catherine  Eliza- 
beth, his  wife. 

The  Sedilia  (seats  for  the  clergy) 
and  Piscina  (place  for  cleansing  the 
holy  vessels)  are  very  interesting, 
and  worthy  of  careful  notice. 

Monument  of  Sir  W.  Thor7ihurst. 
— The  visitor  cannot  fail  to  observe 
an  old  monument,  representing  a 
warrior  in  armour  kneeling  on  a 
cushion  at  a  table,  with  gilded  hel- 
met and  crest  (there  was  formerly 
also  a  banner)  above.  See  plate. 
The  following  is  the  inscription  : — 

"  Here  lieth  buried  the  body  of  Sir  William  Thornhurst  Knight  sonne  and 
heire  to  Sir  Stephen  Thornhurst  of  Foorde  in  this  countie,  Knight, 
which  Sir  William  married  Ann  daughter  unto  the  Right  Honourable 
Thomas  Lord  Howard  Viscount  Howard  of  Bindon  and  by  her  had  issue  one 
Sonne  named  Giftbrd  Thornhurst  and  two  daughters  named  Frances  and 
Grace.     He  dyed  the  24th  daye  of  July  1606  and  in  the  31st  year  of  his  age." 



This  monument  is  most  beautifully  executed  in  marble  alabaster, 
coloured  with  gold,  vermilion,  and  blue.  It  is  otherwise  very 
interesting.  Sir  AVilliam,  as  well  as  his  father,  was  keeper  of  the 
Archbishop's  Palace  at  Ford  (already  described),  and  his  great- 
granddaughter  was  the  celebrated  Duchess  of  Marlborough,  who 
figured  so  long  and  prominently  in  the  reign  of  Queen  Anne. 

The  following  is  the  Pedigree  : — 

Sir  "William  Thornhurst,  of  Heme   =pAnn,    daughter    of   Thomas,  Lord 

I  Howard  of  Bindon. 

r -" 

Sir    Gifford    Thornhurst,     of    01d=]=Susanna,  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander 

Romney.  Bart.  |  Temple,  Knight  of  Chadwell. 

r' ' 

Prances  Thornhurst  =i=Richard    Jenyns,    of     S.    Albans, 

I  Herts. 

I -" 

Sarah  Jenyns  =f=John    Churchill,     first      Duke      of 


The  perforation  in  the  wall  beneath  this  monument  is  a 
Hagioscope  (commonly  called  a  squint)  probably  to  enable  the 
worshippers  in  the  North  Chantry  Chapel  to  have  a  view  of  the 
High  Altar. 

Table  Tomb. — The  Table  Tomb  of  stone,  let  into  the  north  wall, 
is  an  object  of  special  interest,  and  from  the  peculiarity  of  its 
position  as  well  as  the  absence  of  any  inscription,  cannot  fail  to 
arrest  the  visitor's  attention. 

Brandon  says  it  is  the  Tomb  of  some  distinguished  person, 
probably  the  Founder. 

The  three  shields,  bearing  arms  incised,  and  until  recently 
covered  with  whitewash,  seem  to  me  clearly  to  indicate  Sir  John 
Fineux,  who  lived  and  died  at  Hawe  (the  "olde  Fineux  "  already 
alluded  to)  as  its  owner.  Sir  John,  whose  arms  are  in  the  centre 
(a  chevron  between  three  eagles)  married  twice,  and  the  arms  of 
both  his  wives  are  incised  on  the  same  tomb. 

His  first  wife  was  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William  Apuldrefield 
(a  very  ancient  family),  of  Lynstead,  Kent,  whose  arms  are  a  cross 
voided,  and  his  second  wife,  Elizabeth,  widow  of  William  Clere, 
and  daughter  of  "  Sir  John  Paston  the  younger,  of  Paston,  Nor- 
folk,"* whose  arms  are  six  fleur  de  lys  a  chief  indented.  It  is  true 
that  Sir  John  devised  to  be  buried  in  Canterbury  Cathedral  (see 
Old  Wills),  and  that  Somner  declares  that  Sir  John  Fineux  and  his 

*  Blomefield's  Norfolk,  vol.  vi.,  p.  293,  note  4. 

THE    CHURCH    OF  HERNE.  33 

second  wife  are  there  buried,'^'  but  people  were  not  always  buried 
according  to  their  wills  {e.g.,  Sir  Matthew  Philip,  see  Old  Wills). 
Gough  tells  us  that  local  historians  are  often  inaccurate. f 
I  believe  this  to  be  the  tomb  of  Sir  John  Fineux,  and  certainly 
of  Elizabeth  (Apuldrefield)  his  wife,  who  devised,  by  her  will,  to 
be  buried  in  the  "  high  quyre  in  the  church  at  Heme  "  (see  Old 
Wills),  and  in  whose  memory  a  very  beautiful  brass  still  remains. 
(See  Brass  IV.) 

North    C/iaJifry,   or  Milks     Chapel. — The  North  Chantry,    or 
*Milles  Chapel,  is  also  called  the  "  Lady  Chapel,"]:    and  "  Chapel 
of  St.    John    the    Baptist."§     This,  I  think,  admits  of  very  easy 

It  is  evident  from  a  mere  glance  at  the  north  and  south 
walls  that  there  were  two  Altars,  and  therefore  two  Chapels  ; 
one  dedicated  to  St.  John  the  Baptist,  the  other  to  the  Blessed 
Virgin  jNIary.  The  present  position  of  the  Brasses  (in  the  centre) 
is  no  proof  to  the  contrary.  At  the  first  restoration  of  the  church, 
in  1850,  when  the  church  was  repewed,  the  west  gallery  removed, 
and  a  new  roof  put  on  the  Nave  and  South  Aisle,  this  Chapel  was 
repaved,  and  I  think  it  very  likely  that  the  positions  of  some  of 
the  Brasses  were  then  altered.  We  know  that  Brasses  have  been 
removed,  through  ignorance  or  caprice,  because,  in  the  eyes  of  so- 
called  restorers,  they  did  not  harmonise  with  the  bright  new  tiles. 
Sometimes  they  are  not  even  replaced.  Some  of  the  Brasses 
mentioned  by  Weever,  Hasted,  and  Greenwood,  as  existing  in  this 
church  cannot  now  be  found.  Not  many  months  ago  I  myself 
discovered  one  of  these — a  very  important  one — and  rescued  it 
from  the  ignominious  use  to  which  it  was  being  put. 

It  was  in  a  wind  w,  and  on  the  back  of  it  was  written  in  chalk, 
'■'•Key  of  sa?idpit  ai  Mr.  Roote^s.^' 

Some  of  the  most  distinguished  ancestors  of  the  Milles  family 
are  bi:ried  in  this  chapel.     The  following  are  the  most  important : 

*  Antiq.  of  Canterbury,  Appendix,  xxii. 

t  '"Sepulchral  Monuments,"  vol.  i.,  p.  7.  "So  inattentive  are  the  resident 
describers  of  our  monuments  that  Archdeacon  Batteley  mistook  for  Archbis-hop 
Islip's  in  the  nave  of  Canterbury  Cathedral,  an  altar  tomb  or  slab  robbed  of  its 
brasses,  which  represented  a  man  and  wife."     Gostling,  p.  205. 

X  A  chantry  in  honour  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  was  founded  in  this  church 
by  Thomas  Newe,  Vicar  of  Reculver  ("  Vir  vere  insipiis.^')  He  resigned  A. P. 
1356.     Keg.  Islip,  fol.  237  a. 

s)  Sir  Peter  Halle  and  William  Philip  both  devised,  by  will,  to  be  buried  in 
the  Chapel  of  St.  John  the  Baptist,  Heme.     Hasted,  vol.  iii.  p.  617 — 619, 



SCREEN,   &C. 


I. — A  black  marble  slab  (on  the  floor  the  north  side)  "  In 
"  memory  of  Christopher  Milles,  Knight,  Clarke  of  Queen  Anne's 
"robes,  and  King  James'  and  King  Charles'  privy  chamber" 
(died  1638).  In  this  vault  are  also  buried;  Mary,  his  second 
wife  (died  1631),  Edward  (his  eldest  son,  died  1627),  Christopher 
(another  son,  died  1638,)  and  his  two  wives,  Alicia  and  Sara 
(died  1664  and  1675,  respectively). 

2. — A  black  and  white  marble  pyramidal  monument  (removed 
from  the  Sedilia),  in  memory  of  Samuel  Milles,  Knight.*  He 
married  Anna,  sister  of  Sir  Thomas  Hales,  Bart.  He  was  Steward 
of  the  temporal  courts  of  the  Archbishop,  the  Dean  and  Chapter, 
and  the  Monastery  of  S.  Augustine's,  Canterbury.    He  died  1727. 

3.  On  the  North  Wall  is  a  very  handsome  marble  monument, 
with  a  long  and  laudatory  Latin  epitaph  of  the  period,  in  memory 
of  Christopher  Milles  (grandson  of  the  former),  who  died  1706, 
and  his  four  wives  : — 

Alice,  daughter  of  Robert  Saunders,  of  Maidstone,  Esq.  ; 
Sara,  daughter  of  Samuel  Disborough,  of  Maidstone,  Esq. ; 
Margeret,  daughter  of  John  Boys,  of  Betteshanger,  Esq.  \  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  Sir  Cheney  Colepepper,  Knight,  of  Leeds 

There  are  memorial  stones  on  the  floor  in  memory  of  William 
Foche,  Vicar  (died  17 13),  and  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Stephens, 
of  Canterbury,  and  daughter  of  Richard  Gillow,  of  Woodnes- 
borough  (died  1743). 

There  are  also  mural  slabs,  one  in  memory  of  the  Palmer 
family,  and  the  other  "in  remembrance  of  Rev.  John  Wood, 
B.D.,  thirty-seven  years  vicar  "  (died  1831),  "one  of  the  best  of 
fathers,  by  his  two  affectionate  children." 

We  will  now  describe  the  brasses,  five  in  number,  with  effigies  and 
four  inscriptions  only.      For  particulars  of  dress  I  am  indebted  to 
Messrs.  Waller,   Boutell,   and  Haines,   and  also  to  Mr.   George 
Capes,  jun. 

I.  Sir  Peter  Halle  and  wife  (in  the  Chantry  Chapel).— The 
knight  is  in  a  complete  suit  of  plate  armour,  a  gusset  only  of  mail 
being  visible  behind  the  fan-shaped  elbow-piece  of  the  extended 

*  He  also  was  a  benefactor,  and  gave  a  beautiful  alms  dish  to  ^he  church. 

D    2 



Brass  I.— sir  peter  iialle  and  wife. 


arm.  His  feet,  which  have  guarded  spurs  (indicating,  I  believe,  a 
Court  appointment)  rest  ui)on  a  dog.  His  right  hand  is  joined  to 
his  wife's  (the  usual  attitude  is  one  of  prayer).  A  portion  only 
of  the  sword  remains. 

Out  of  his  mouth  issues  a  label  with  an  inscription  (in  Latin), 
"  Have  mercy  upon  me,  O  God."  * 

The  lady's  dress  is  remarkable  and  interesting.  She  wears  a 
sideless  cotehardie  and  mantle.  Her  head-dressf  consists  of  a 
richly  worked  caul,  spreading  out  laterally,  over  which  is  a  veil 
which  falls  in  folds.  Out  of  her  mouth  issue  the  words  (in  Latin), 
"  Mother  of  God,  remember  me." 

The  following  is  the  Latin  inscription  : — 

Hie  iacet  Petrus  Halle  Armig'  et  Elyzabeth  vxor  eius  hlia  dni  Willi  Waleys 
Militis  et  diie  Margarete  vx'is  ei'  filie  dni  Johis  Seynclere  Militis  quor'  aiabs  et 
aiabs  filior'  et  filiar'  pdcor  petri  et  Elizabeth  pjliciet'  de'  ame. 

The  following  is  the  inscription  (in  English)  : — 
"  Here  lieth  Peter  Halle,  Knight,  and  Elizabeth  his  wife,  daughter  of  Sir 
William  Waleys,  Knight,  and  Dame  Margeret  his  wife,  daughter  of  Sir  John 
Seynclere,  Knight,  for  whose  soul  and  the  souls  of  the  sons  and  daughters  of 
the  aforesaid  Peter  and  Elizabeth  may  God  be  propitiated.     Amen. 

The  date  is  circa  a.d.  1420.:!: 

IL  John  Darley  (in  the  chancel). — This  is  the  figure  of  a 
former  Vicar  of  Heme,  in  the  costume  of  a  Bachelor  of  Divinity, 
viz.,  Cassock,  Tippet,  Hood  and  Gown,  with  armholes  lined  with 
fur.  The  head  has  the  tonsure.  At  his  feet  is  a  lion,  very  un- 
common with  ecclesiastics,  civilians,  and  ladies.  There  are  only 
two  other  instances  of  ecclesiastics,  one  at  Graveney,  Kent,  the 
other  at  Childrey,  Berks. 

Around  the  verge  of  the  stone  was  the  following  inscription  (the 
words  wanting  are  filled  in  from  other  sources) : — 

"  Here  lieth  Master  John  Darley,  Bachelor  in  Sacred  Theology,  formerly 
vicar,  age  81." 

At  each  corner  was  an  Evangelistic  Emblem  ;  only  one  now 

*  The  knight's  arms  inscribed  on  this  brass  are  also  on  the  font,  and  are 
there  described.  They  are  here  impaled  with  a  fess  for  Waleys  and  the  Sun 
resplendent  for  Seynclere. 

t  Similar  to  that  of  the  Corbel  head  in  north-eastern  angle  of  baptistery. 
(See  plate  2,  page  19.) 

X  Vide  Waller,  Part  VH.     Boutell,  p.  62. 


The  Epitaph,  in  quaint  Latin  verse,  runs  as  follows 

"  Siste  gradum,  videas  corpus  jacet  ecce  Johannis 
Darley,  qui  multis  fuit  hie  Curatus  in  annis  ; 
Iste  pater  morum  fuit,  et  flos  philosophorum, 
Dux,  via,  norma  grcgis,  patrix  lux  anchora  legis  ; 
Pagina  sacra  cui  dedit  inccptoris  iionorem 
Hinc  memor  est(j  tui  prccibus  sibi  dando  favorem." 

1  give  this  inscription  in  Latin,  not  only  for  the  benefit 
of  scholars,  as  the  verses  are  very  peculiar,  but  also  in 
order  to  justify  the  advice  given  me  by  two  very  kind 
friends  (W.  de  Gray  Birch  and  Major  Heales),  not  to 
trust  to  references,  but  always  to  test 
them.  In  this  present  instance  I  find  that 
Dr.  Buncombe  (Vicar  of  Heme  and  the 
best  historian  of  the  parish)  has  made  no 
less  than  five  mistakes,  besides  leaving  out 
the  last  line  :  e.g.,  for  curatus  he  has 
"  miratus  "  \  for  Iste,  "  lUe  "  ;  for  Dux, 
"  qui "  ;  for  Norma,  "  Norina  "  ;  for  legis, 
"  gregis."* 

But  more  remarkable  still,  Mr.  George 
Capes,  jun.,  in  a  very  elaborate  description 
of  the  Heme  Brasses,  apparently  follows 
suit,  for  he  makes  four  out  of  the  five 
same  mistakes.  He,  however,  gives  the 
last  line  with  two  mistakes,  viz.,  for  hinc, 
"huic,"  and  for  tui,  "  huic."t 

It  is  scarcely  necessary  to  remark  that, 
misquoting  the  Latin,  Mr.  Capes  is  some- 
what puzzled  with  the  English. 

As  the  inscription  is  in  Latin  verse,  Mr. 
Henry  Grey  (churchwarden)  has  kindly 
translated  it  into  English  verse. 

•'  Stay,  see  John  Barley's  body  lieth  here, 
Curate  he  was  of  Heme  for  many  a  year  ; 
Of  morals,  law,  philosophy  the  pride. 
His  people's  teacher,  rule  of  life,  and  guide  ; 
His  honoured  task  t'unfold  the  sacred  scroll  ; 
Think  of  thy  sins  in  praying  for  his  soul." 

Messrs.  Waller  assign  a.d.  i  480  as  the  date  of  this  brass  ;  Haines 

Brass  II. — ^john  darley. 

Bib.  Top.   Brit,  xviii. 

tBrit.  Arch.  Ass.  Journal,  xii.  80. 



(in  my  opinion  with  greater  accuracy)  about  1450.  John  Darley 
was  collated  on  May  5th,  1432,  by  Archbishop  Chichele  * ;  and 
on  August  1 2th,  1446  (when  his  successor,  John  Bedale,  was 
collated),  a  pension  of  ^10  a  year  for  life  from  the  proceeds 
of  the  benefice  was  settled  upon  John  Darley,t  who  then 

III.  Christina    Phelip  (or   Philip),   (in  the  North  Chantry 
Chapel). — This  is  what  is  called  a  Goldsmith's  Brass,  i.e.,  according 

to  Haines,  "  of  superior  work- 
manship and  delicate  tracery." 
The  lady  is  habited  in  a  very 
long  gown,  bound  with  a  broad 
band,  and  open  at  the  breast, 
showing  a  small  portion  of  the 
bodice,  which,  according  to 
Planch6,  was  introduced  about 
this  time.|  It  is  observable 
that  the  waist  is  much  shorter 
than  that  worn  fifty  years  be- 
fore by  the  wife  of  Sir  Peter 
Halle,  whose  effigy  is  on  the 
first  brass.  The  rosary  has  no 
cross  attached  to  it.  She  wears 
the  horned,  or  forked  head- 
dress of  the  previous  reign. 
Over  the  dress  is  a  long 
mantle  trimmed  with  fur,  and 
fastened  with  cords  and  bands. 
The  hands  are  opened  out- 
wards, not  joined   in   prayer, 

j'd!H!r'l{)iTiflli[:-,i) .iw ;:3llE -Biiir iwfiO^iiaH'fflHSin iiiiipan^  as  is  usual.  Above  her  head, 
H-aiiitofiCiniraiHWMiiqiiitHteiiiniliiiirffliinaiflrHlilirt  ,,  ,  :i     r  c 

IWlbtffftf'feffliff. KM. gilliiii  - c::MjFt'qii!i3: ^fcjinrt-i'fal  on  a  scroll,  are  the  Avords  (01 

Brass  IIL-cHKisTiNAPHiLn'  which  those  in  parentheses  are 

wanting)  : 

"Have  mercy  upon  me,  O  God,  according  to  (Thy)  great  (mercy)." 

There  are   ancient   as   well   as  modern  mistakes, 
(great)  being  spelt  "  mangnam." 


*  Chichele  Resj.  f.  193b.  t  Staff  Reg.  f.  90. 

X  Hist.^of  Brit.  Costume  (Temp.  Edward  IV.) 


The  following  is  the  Lntin  inscription  : — 

Orate  specialit'  p  Ala  Dfie  xpine  dudu  vxoris  Mathci  Phelip  ciuis  et 
Aurifabri  ac  quonda  maioris  ciuitatis  londin  que  migrauit  ab  hac  valle  miserie 
xxv*"  die  maii  A^  dni  millino  cccc^lxx^  cuius  Aie  ppiciet'  de'  Ame. 

The  Inscription  (in  English)  is  as  follows  : — 

"Pray  specially  for  the  soul  of  Christina,  formerly  the  wife  of  Matthew 
Phelip,  citizen  and  goldsmith,  and  formerly  Mayor  of  the  City  of  London,  who 
migrated  from  this  vale  of  misery  the  25th  day  of  May  in  the  year  of  our  I-ord 
1470,  on  whose  soul  may  God  have  mercy.     Atnen." 

On  a  shield  are  the  arms  of  Philip.  Semee  of  fleurs  de  lis 
impaled  with  five  lozenges  in  bend.  This  brass  is  of  great  historic 

Sir  Mathew  Philip  (who  is  also  buried  here)  was,  according  to 
Stowe,^'  the  son  of  Arnold  Philip,  of  Norwich,  but  I  think  the 
statement  incorrect.  Sir  Mathew  Philip  was  without  doubt  a 
very  remarkable  man.  He  was  in  all  probability  the  son  of 
William  Philip  of  Heme  (died  1458)  and  to  his  own  son  William 
of  Heme  (upon  the  death  of  his  third  wife,  Beatrice)  he 
bequeathed  his  estates  in  Heme.     See  Old  Wills. 

Weever  states  that  "  he  was  made  Knight  of  the  Bath  at  the 
"  Coronation  of  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Edward  the  4th,  and,  after  that, 
"  was  knighted  on  the  field  in  147 1."  t 

Other  historians  furnish  us  with  full  particulars,  which  are  very 
interesting,  of  these  two  knightings. 

Fabyan  tells  us  that  "  the  nyght  before  Elizabeth  was  crowned 
"  at  Westmynstre  with  great  solempnytie,  Matthew  Philip  and 
"others  were  than  and  there  [at  the  Tower]  made  Knyghtesofthe 
"Bath."  + 

Orridge  gives  us  the  reason.  It  was  on  account  of  the  valiant 
defence  made  by  the  citizens  of  London  against  the  assaults  of 
Lord  Scales  and  the  bastard  Falconbridge.§ 

Metcalfe  gives  us  the  exact  date  and  occasion  of  the  second 
knighting  (knight  Banneret).  "  It  was  on  the  20th  May,  1471,  on 
"  the  King's  retourne  from  the  field  ofTewkesbury,"||  andStowe,^ 
"the  exact  place,  "one  mile  without  the  citie,  to  wit,  between 
"  Iseldon "  (Islington)  "and  Sorse-ditch"  (Shoreditch).  Sir 
Matthew  was  otherwise  eminent  in  business.  He  was  evidently 
the  King's  goldsmith  ; — e.  g. 

*  Survey  of  London,  vol.  ii.,  p.  122.      f  Funeral  Monuments,  Heme,  p.  3. 
X  Chronicle,  p.  655  \  Citizens  and  their  Rulers,  p.  25. 

II  "  Book  of  Knights,"  p.  4.  H  Annales,  p.  698. 



"  On  the  30th  January,  1448,  there  was  a  warrant  (Henry  VI.) 
"to  John  Merston,  Treasurer  of  Chamber  and  Keeper  of  Jewels, 
'■to  deliver  to  John  Paddesly  and  Matthew  Phelip,  goldsmiths, 
"  as  pledges  for  ;^3,i5o,  due  to  them  for  jewels,"  the  following : — 

(Here  follows  a  full  description  of  the  articles  of  plate,  amongst 
which  is) — "  Unum  spyce  plate  auri  coopertum  cum  petris  et 
"perulis  garnizatum  vocatum  le  riche  spyce  plate." 

And  another: — "Unum  discum  magnum  eleemosynarum,  de 
"  Argento  et  de  aurato  factum  ad  modum  cujusdam  navis  cum 
"  hominibus  ad  arma  circumstantibus,  ponderantia,  de  pondere 
"Trojani,  sexaginta  et  septem  libras  et  novem  uncias."* 

There  is  also  another  warrant : — 

"  15th  September,  1455,  the  King  (Henry  VI.)  paid  Matthew 
"  Philip,  Citizen  and  Goldsmith  of  London,  in  part  payment  for 
•'the  garter  of  gold  garnissed  withe  stones  and  pearls  (Order  of 
"  the  Garter)  for  the  King  of  Portugal."! 

Chaffers  states  that  "  Sir  Matthew  Philip  was  Mayor  of  London 
"  in  1463-4,  Warden  of  the  Goldsmiths'  Company  in  i474)  ^"d 
"  that  he  subscribed  6s.  8d.  towards  St.  Dunstan's  feast,  which 
"  amounted  altogether  to  £,1^  5s.  2d.":I: 

IV.  Elizabeth  Fyneux. 
—(This  is  also  a  gold- 
smith's brass,  in  the  Chan- 
cel). The  lady  is  habited 
in  a  low  dress  with  slashed 
sleeves,  bound  round  the 
waist  with  a  broad  girdle, 
in  the  centre  of  which  is  a 
large  ornament,  aiid,  pen- 
dant,(the  pomander).  From 
the  waist  the  gown  is  open 
showing  the  petticoat  or 
kirtle;  above  the  dress  is 
seen  the  habit  shirt,  which 
was  introduced  in  this 
Brass  IV.-elizabeth,  ladv  iyneux.       reign.    Her  dress  is  beauti- 

*  Hardy's  Syllabus  of  Rymer's  Fcedera,  vol  ii.,  678.  ,, 

t  "  Chronicles  and  Memorials   of  Great  Britain  during  the  Middle  Ages, 
xxii.  Part  ii.,  504-5. 

X  Gilda  Aurifabrorum,  p.  57. 



fully  embroidered.  The  cap  is  very  plain,  and  has  somewhat  the 
appearance  of  a  widow's  cap  of  our  own  times.  From  the  in- 
scription it  would  also  appear  that  this  lady  was  a  widow.*  The 
inscription,  which  is  very  remarkable,  is  as  follows  : — 

"  The  xxij  daye  of  the  moneth  august e/the  yere  after  the  Incarnacyon 
Of  owr  lord  god  to  reken  Juste/A  thowsand  fiue  hundreth  forty  saue  one 
Dyed  this  lady  whych  vnder  thys  stone/lyeth  here  buryed  Elyzabeth  by  name 
The  wyfe  of  s'  John  ffyneux  late  gone/The  whych  in  thys  world  had  eu''  good 
P'amWhosesollIp''yeJhu  throwghhys  grace/In  heuenmayehauearestyng place.'' 

She  was  the  daughter  of  Sir  William  Apuldrefield,  of  Lynsted, 
Kent,  and,  being  the  only  child,  brought  large  possessions  to  her 
husband.     (See  Old  Wills.) 

Sir  John  Fineux  was  Chief  Justice  of  the  Court  of  King's 
Bench  (Hen.  VII.  and  Hen.  VHI.).  He  died  1525.  (See  Old 

They  had  two  daughters,  Jane,  who  married  John  Roper,t  of 
Eltham  ;  and  Mildred,  who  married  James  Diggs,  of  Barham. 

V.  John  Sea  and 
his  two  wives  (in  the 
Chantry  Chapel). — 
John  Sea,  oratte  Sea, 
belonged  to  a  very 
ancient  family  which 
for  many  years  were 
possessors  of  the 
manor  of  At  Sea  (or 
Strode),  which  at  one 
time  included  the 
manor  of  Under- 
down,  where  he  died. 
The  following  is  the 
inscription  : — 

"  Here  lieth  interred 
John  Sea  of  Underdown 
in  the  parish  of  Heme, 
Esquire,  who  tooke  to 
wife  Martha  Hamond 
Brass  V.— john  sea  and  his  wives.  daughter  of  Tho  Ham,  of 

*  HtB>ffiES(^'SpVHO  TOOK 
;SARX  B0«  EL.DIST  DWCHT  El'";v"NtO 

Ci^I^iWHOmt  JtADjwS,SONNi».ur.r.,u«.j  >f.'i  --I.'  '■.■'>f« 
^*^aMBa  IN  PE»E;OBi|T  ;M  EEBRV/fRlJjVNSOBNf  j6qf  ,'"\  l?*'- 

*  In  "Kent  Fines,"  26  Hen.  VHI.  (1535),   mention  is  made  of  "Lady 
Elizabeth  Fenyeux,  of  Heme,"  evidently  the  same  person. 
t  His  great  grandson  was  created  Baron  Teynham  in  16 16. 


St.  Alban's  in  East  Kent  Esquire,  by  whom  he  had  issue  6  sonnes  and  3 
daughters  ;  after  her  decease  he  married  Sara  Boys,  eldest  daughter  unto 
Thomas  Boys  of  Barfreston,  gent,  by  whom  he  had  one  sonne,  and  one 
daughter  and  lived  and  died  in  peace.     Obiit  23rd  February  1604." 

Four  shields  occupy  the  corners  of  the  stone,  i.  The  Arms  of 
Sea,  a  fish  hauriant  between  flanches,  charged  with  bars  nebulae, 
impaled  with  those  of  Hamond,  on  a  chevron  between  three 
rondels,  each  charged  with  a  martlet,  as  many  escallop  shells 
within  a  bordure  engrailed.  2.  Missing.  3.  Arms  of  Sea  impaled 
with  a  griffin  rampant  within  a  bordure,  for  Boys.     4.  Same  as  i . 

The  visitor  cannot  fail  to  notice  the  exact  identity,  line  for 
line,  in  the  stiff  formal  dresses  of  the  ladies,  which,  compared 
with  the  elaborate  costumes  of  those  of  the  preceding,  are  very 

Mr.  Capes,  to  judge  by  his  humorous  description,  seems  to 
have  been  particularly  struck  with  this  fact. 

"  It  would  appear,"  says  he,  that  "  the  second  wife  (to  use 
"a  familiar  expression)  not  only  stepped  into  the  first  wife's  shoes, 
"  but,  being  probably  of  an  economical  turn,  might  have  appro- 
"  priated  to  her  own  use  the  entire  wardrobe  of  the  deceased 
"  partner  of  her  husband's  affections."* 

The  following  have  Inscriptions  only  : 

VI.  William  Bysmare  (in  North  Chantry  Chapel,  not  fixed, 
lately  recovered). 

"Here  lieth  William  Bysmare,  formerly  citizen  and  goldsmith  of  London, 
who  died  a.d.  1456,  and  Elizabeth,  Agnes,  and  Margaret,  his  wives." 

VII.  Antony  Loverick  and  Wife  (in  North  Chantry  Chapel). 
*'  Here  lies  Antony  Loverick  and  Constantia  his  wife,  who  died  ip  October, 

IS"  ' 

His  arms  (almost  obliterated),  three  leopards'  heads,  are  carved 

on  one  of  the  shields  of  the  Font. 

VIII.  John  Fyneux  (in  North  Chantry  Chapel,  not  fixed).  This 
is  the  brass  fortunately  recovered.     (See  p.  33.) 

"  Here  lieth  John  Fyneux  late  of  this  Pish  of  Hearne  Esquierand  Margaret 
his  wife  Daughter  of  Thomas  Mor(ley)  sometyme  of  Glyne  in  the  Countie  of 
Sussex  Esquier  w*^**  Margaret  deceassed  the  nynth  day  of  December  1591!  and 

*  Journal  of  Brit.  Arch.  Ass. — XIL  So. 
t  This  lady  in  the  register  is  buried  the  same  day. 


in  the  fewer  and  thirtith  yere  of  the  reigne  of  our  sovaigne  Ladie  Queene  Eliz.  ; 
and  the  said  John  Fyneux  departed  this  life  y''  last  day  of  July  following  1592 
in  the  said  xxxiiii^*^  yere  of  the  Queene's  matie  leaving  Behind  them  one  only 
daughter  and  heir  named  Elizabeth  who  maried  John  Smith  Esquier  sone  and 
heir  of  Thomas  Smith  late  of  Ostenhanger  in  this  countie  of  Kente." 

IX.  At  the  foot  of  the  Benefaction  Tables  in  the  South 
Chantry  Chapel  is  a  small  Brass  with  the  following  curious  Inscrip- 
tion : — 

''  Hie  chorus  indecorus  fuerat,  nunc  valde  decorus, 
An  dicas  istum  qui  decoravit  eum." 

Thus  freely   translated  by  Mr.  Henry  Grey  (churchwarden) : — 

"  Here  a  bad  choir  was  once,  but  now  a  good  one, 
One  would  not  call  the  change  a  bad  one,  would  one." 

Before  quitting  this  subject,  let  me  direct  the  attention  of  the 
visitor  to  two  other  objects  of  interest  in  the  churchyard. 

One,  the  oldest  gravestone  known,  opposite  the  centre  buttress 
of  North  Chantry  Chapel.  It  is  marked  Sit  arid  bears  the  date  of 

The  other,  the  gravestone  of  John  Fergusson  Moultrie  (against 
the  West  Railings,  towards  the  South),  on  which  are  inscribed  the 
following  beautiful  lines,  by  the  Rev.  John  Moultrie,  late  vicar 
of  Rugby.  I  give  them  because  the  late  Dean  of  Westminster 
told  me  he  thought  no  history  of  Heme  Church  would  be  complete 
without  them. 

"  Sweet  babe,  from  griefs  and  dangers 
Rest  here,  for  ever  free  ; 
We  leave  thy  dust  to  strangers, 
But,  oh,  we  leave  not  thee  ! 

"  Thy  mortal  sweetness,  smitten 
To  scourge  our  souls  from  sin, 
Is  on  our  memory  written, 
And  treasured  deep  within  ; 

"  While  that  which  is  immortal 
Fond  hope  doth  still  retain ; 
'  And  saith,  '  At  heaven's  bright  portal 

Ye  all  shall  meet  again.'  " 


Brief  Account  of  5t.  iilartin, 

St.  Martin,  Bishop  of  Tours,  was  born  a.d.  320,  at  Sabaria,  in 
Pannonia  (Steinamargen),  His  father  and  mother  were  heathens ; 
he  was  at  first  a  Roman  soldier  when  fifteen  years  of  age,  and  bap- 
tised at  eighteen.  His  corps  was  situated  at  Ambianum  (Amiens). 
The  legend  runs  that  on  one  bitter  winter  day,  as  he  was 
passing  the  gate  of  the  city,  he  saw  a  poor  beggar  nearly  naked, 
so  utterly  ragged  were  his  clothes  ;  Martin,  filled  with  pity,  cut  his 
mantle  in  two  and  gave  half  to  the  beggar.  Next  night  as  he 
slept,  he  saw  Jesus  Christ  seated  on  His  throne  surrounded  by 
the  host  of  Heaven,  wearing  the  half  mantle  of  Martin  over  His 
shoulders.  "  See,"  he  heard  the  Saviour  say,  "  this  is  the  mantle 
which  Martin,  yet  a  catechumen,  gave  Me." 

In  A.D.  358,  in  the  midst  of  the  war  with  the  Franks  and 
AUemanni,  when  the  Emperor  Julian  was  at  Worms,  Martin  (then 
a  tribune)  made  an  untimely  claim  to  be  released  from  military 
duty.  JuUan  was  indignant,  a  battle  being  imminent,  and  he 
scornfully  refused  the  petition,  saying  Martin  was  a  coward.  The 
young  tribune  answered  :  "  Put  me  in  the  fore-front  of  the  army, 
without  weapons  or  armour,  but  I  will  not  draw  sword  again,  I  am 
become  the  soldier  of  Christ."  He  was  immediately  put  in  irons, 
but  was  afterwards  released.  On  leaving  the  army  Martin  went 
to  Poictiers,  and  put  himself  under  Hilary,  who  afterwards 
ordained  him  an  exorcist. 

In  A.D.  371  he  became  Bishop  of  Tours,  but  remained  a  monk, 
living  in  a  cell.  Being  wearied  with  the  number  of  visitors 
attracted  by  his  sanctity,  he  removed  to  the  place  where  after- 
wards stood  the  Abbey  of  Marmontier,  on  the  Loire.  He  had 
eighty  disciples,  who  dressed  in  skins,  ate  but  once  a  day,  and 
drank  no  wine. 

When  at  the  end  of  his  career  (eighty  years  of  age)  and  eager  to 
receive  his  celestial  reward,  he  yielded  to  the  tears  of  his  disciples 
and  consented  to  ask  from  God  the  prolongation  of  his  days, 
"  Lord,"  said  he,  "  if  I  am  still  necessary  to  Thy  people,  I  will  not 
draw  back  from  the  work,"  "Z>(?;///«^  non  recuso  laborefu."  Noble 
words  ! — words  which  ought  to  be  the  motto  of  every  Christian. 

He  died  November  9th,  a.d.  401. 

In  Art,  St.  Martin  is  represented  as  a  young  Tribune  on  horse- 
back, dividing  his  cloak  and  giving  half  to  a  beggar. 




Uicars  of  ^crne  anlr   Cfjantrs  priests. 





1376  July  9th 







Reynolds,  f.  29. 
Islip,  f.  255a. 
Ibid.  f.  279a. 

Sudbury,  f.  114a. 
Ibid.  f.  119a. 

„    f.  119a. 

App'^fntnlt.  ^^^----  ^^S'^*-- 

13 10  Hugh  de  Godynestre  Winchelsey,  f.  30. 

This  Vicar  is  named  in  the  endowment,  but  it  is  not  certain  that 
he  was  collated. 

Henry  Rouhall 

Richard  Medebourne 

William  Kac,  or  Koc 

John  Hawe 

Nicholas  de  Farneham 

Roger  Sutton,  by  exchange 
with  Farneham 

John  Chert,  by  exchange 
with  Sutton 

William  Graunt,  by  exchange     Bouchier  and 
with  Chert  Courteney,  f.  216b. 

William  Gosse         Courteney  in  Morton  Dene. 

Henry  Basset  Chicheley,  p.  i,  f.  194a. 

John  Darley  Ibid.  f.  195b. 

II.     He  resigned  in  1446,  through  age  and  in- 
firmity, and  Archbishop  Stafford  granted  him  a  pension  of  ^10 
per  annum  for  life,  out  of  the  proceeds  of  the  benefice  (Stafford 
Reg.  f.  90a).     We  have  here  a  precedent  for  retiring  pensions. 
1446  John  Bedale  Stafford,  f.  90. 

1464  Christopher  Warinyngton       (Bouchier,  f  89b.) 

Richard  Bonaventure 

John  Caton  Morton,  Dene,  Bouchier,  and 

Courteney,  f.  146a. 

Dec.  31st 


See  brass  No 



Date  of  -VT  o     ■  . 

.        .  ^        ^  Names.  Keirister. 

Appointment.  '^ 

15 1 1  Andrew  Benstede  Warham,  f.  342a. 

1 53 1  John  Warren  Ibid.  f.  405b. 

(See  Old  Wills.) 
1538  Nicholas  Ridley  Cranmer,  364b. 

The  chief  interest  of  Heme,  in  the  minds  of  most  people, 
centres  in  the  person  of  Bishop  Ridley,  on  account  of  his  learning 
and  eloquence,  and  the  prominent  part  he  took  in  the  Reforma- 
•tion,  which  cost  him  his  life. 

Nicholas  Ridley  was  born  at  Tyneside,  in  Northumberland, 
of  an  ancient  family.  He  entered  Pembroke  Hall,  Cam- 
bridge, in  1 5 18,  and  afterwards  studied  at  Paris  and  Louvain. 
His  great  reputation  as  a  preacher  and  intimate  acquaint- 
ance with  the  Holy  Scriptures  and  the  Fathers,  induced 
Archbishop  Cranmer  to  make  him  his  chaplain,  and  the  firm  and 
intimate  friendship  which  was  then  formed  between  them  was 

In  1540  he  was  made  ^Master  of  Pembroke  Hall. 

In  1 541,  "  Articles  were  exhibited  against  him  for  preaching  at 
"  Stephens  against  Auricular  Confession,  and  directing  ihtTe Deufii 
"  to  be  sung  in  English  in  Heme  Church."* 

In  1545  he  was  appointed  Bishop  of  Rochester,  and  in  1547, 
Nov.  1 6th,  "  License  was  given  to  Nicholas  Ridley,  Bishop  of 
"  Rochester,  to  hold  the  Vicarages  of  Heme  (Canterbury),  Soham, 
*'  Norwich,  and  also  two  prebends  at  Canterbury  and  Wes't- 
"  minster."! 

In  1549,  by  a  Commission  consisting  of  Archbishop  Cranmer, 
Bishop  Ridley,  the  Dean  of  St.  Paul's  (Dr.  May),  and  two  Secre- 
taries of  State,  Bonner,  Bishop  of  London,  was  deprived,  and 
Bishop  Ridley  elected  in  his  place,  the  first  three  giving  sentence 
of  deprivation.! 

It  is  but  fair  to  state  that  "  Bishop  Bonner  had  hitherto  complied 
"with  the  ecclesiastical  changes  made  by  Henry  VIII. ,"§  and  that 
he  had  not  yet  committed  any  of  those  cruel  acts  which  afterwards 
earned  him  the  name  of  persecutor. 

On  the  same  day  that  he  was  appointed  Bishop  of  London 
(Oct.  ist),  Bishop  Ridley  surrendered  four  valuable  manors  belong- 

*  Chalmer's  Biog.  Diet.,  xxvi.  210.  +  Syll.  of  Rymer's  Foedera,  iii.  78. 

X  Burnet's  Hist,  of  Ref.,  vol.  ii.,  p.  220.        0  Blunt's  Hist,  of  Ref.,  p.  119. 


ing  to  that  see,*  nominally  to  the  King,  but  in  reality  to  his 
courtiers,  Sir  Richard  Rich  (Lord  Chancellor),  Sir  Thomas 
Darcy,  and  Herbert  (Lord  Wentworth,  K.G.,  Master  of  the  King's 
horses),  by  whom  the  warrant  was  signed  on  behalf  of  the  King, 
to  zulian,  "  after  the  immodest  interval  of  four  days,  by  a  second 
"  instrument  they  were  re-conveyed. "f 

In  1550,  at  his  visitation.  Bishop  Ridley  issued  his  Injunctions 
ordering  the  removal  of  Stone  Altars,!"  which  order  undoubtedly 
paved  the  way  for  the  removal  of  church  goods  and  effects 
generally  which  followed  shortly  afterwards. § 

In  1553  Bishop  Ridley  preached  before  the  King  (Edward  VI.), 
then  languishing  under  decline,  on  Charity,  with  such  effect  that 
those  noble  institutions,  Christ's,  St.  Bartholomew's,  Bridewell, 
and  St.  Thomas's  Hospitals  were  either  founded  or  incorporated 
anew  and  endowed.  || 

Upon  the  death  of  Edward  VL,  Bishop  Ridley  joined  in  the 
futile  attempt  to  set  Lady  Jane  Grey  on  the  throne.  Upon  the 
same  day  that  the  edict  went  forth  from  the  Council  declaring  her 
Queen  (9th  July,  1553),  "  Preched  the  Byshoppe  of  London, 
"  Nicolas  Reddesle,  at  Paul's  Cross,  and  there  called  both  the  sayo 
"  ladys  (Mary  and  Elizabeth)  bastarddes  that  alle  the  pepull 
"  was  sore  anoyd  with  his  worddes  soo  uncharytabulle  spokyne 
"by  hym  in  so  opyne  an  awdiens."^ 

The  attempt  being  unsuccessful,  Bishop  Ridley  went  to  Queen 
Mary  to  do  homage  and  submit  himself  to  her  clemency,  but 
was  committed  to  the  Tower,  although  treated  with  less  rigour 
than  Cranmer  and  Latimer.  After  eight  months  imprisonment 
he  was  conveyed  to  Oxford,  where,  on  the  ist  Octoberj  1555, 
he  was  condemned  for  heresy,  and  on  the  15th  suffered  martyr- 
dom by  fire  for  his  opinions,  together  with  Bishop  Latimer.  His 
farewell  address  is  known  to  most  people  who  are  familiar  with 
his  history.     I  give  that  portion  of  it  relating  to  Heme. 

*  Braintree,  South  Minster,  Stepney,  and  Hackney.  The  warrant  is 
ominously  hea(led,  "The  late  possessions  of  the  Busshopricke  of  London." — 
Public  Rec.  Office,  Augmentation,  Deeds  of  Purchase  and  Exchange,  G.  25. 

t  Dixon's  Church  of  England,  Vol.  III.,  pp.  197-8. 

X  Brit.  Mus.  t.  775-11- 

^  "  In  the  beginning  of  May  was  tane  owt  of  all  the  churches  of  London 
and  aboute  (all  the)  platte  and  qwyne  (coin)  that  was  in  theyr  boxys  in  every 
church  for  the  Kinge's  grace  ?  and  vestments  and  copes,  wyche  drew  untu 
a  grett  substans  besyde  the    coyne." — NichoU's  Grey  Friars  Chron.  p.  77. 

If  Chalmer's  Biograph.  Die.  xxxvi.,  p.   217. 

H  Grey  Friars  Chron.   (Nichols),  p.  78. 


"  From  Cambridge  I  was  called  into  Kent  by  the  Archbishop  of 
"  Canterbury,  Thomas  Cranmer,  that  most  reverend  father  and 
"  man  of  God,  and  of  him  by  and  by  sent  to  be  Vicar  of  Heme, 
"in  East  Kent.  Wherefore,  farewell  Heme,  thou  worshipful  and 
"  wealthy  parish,  the  first  cure  whereunto  I  was  called  to  minister 
"  God's  Word.  Thou  hast  heard  of  my  mouth  oftentimes  the 
"Word  of  God  preached,  not  after  the  Popish  trade  but  after 
"  the  Christ's  Gospel.  Oh,  that  the  fruit  had  answered  to  the 
"  seed  !  And  yet  I  must  acknowledge  thee  to  be  my  debtor  for 
'^the  doctrine  of  the  Lord's  Supper,  which  I  acknowledge  at  that 
"  time  God  had  not  revealed  unto  me.  But  I  bless  God  in  all  that 
"  Godly  virtue  and  zeal  of  God's  Word,  which  the  Lord,  by 
"preaching  of  His  Word,  did  kindle  manifestly  both  in  the 
"  heart  and  in  the  life  and  works  of  that  godly  woman  there,  my 
"  Lady  Fiennes.*  The  Lord  grant  that  His  Word  took  like 
"  effect  there  in  many  other  more."t 

In  reading  the  different  accounts  of  Bishop  Ridley,  it  is  very 
difficult  to  arrive  at  a  just  conclusion.  The  rancour  of  religious 
prejudice  is  so  great  that  people  of  note  are,  for  the  most  part, 
depicted  by  historians  either  as  angels  or  devils.  The  judgment 
thus  formed  is  by  no  means  fixed  or  lasting,  and  it  is  not  at  all  an 
uncommon  thing  for  the  verdict  of  one  age  to  be  reversed  by 
another.  But  "at  length,"  as  the  late  Dean  Stanley  remarks, 
when  describing  a  character  which  fully  corroborates  this  state- 
ment (Becket),  "  the  pendulum  which  has  been  violently  swung  to 
and  fro,  settles  into  its  proper  place."J  On  the  one  hand,  it  is 
impossible  to  justify  acts  which  were  undoubtedly  unlawful  and 
unjust.  On  the  other,  we  ought  to  make  due  allowance  for  the 
times  in  which  Bishop  Ridley  lived,  and  for  the  indisputable 
sincerity  of  his  convictions  with  regard  to  the  Reformed  Church, 
the  fate  of  which  was  at  that  time  trembling  in  the  balance. 

Let  us  judge  Bishop  Ridley  neither  as  an  angel  nor  a  devil,  but 
as  a  man.  Let  us  judge  him  as  we  ourselves  would  be  judged, 
with  "charity  "  which  "  is  kind  " — and  which  "  thinketh  no  evil." 

Date  of  ,T  T>     •  .. 

.        -   .        ,  Names.  Register. 

Appointment.  ^ 

1549  Thomas  Broke         ..  ...         Cranmer,  f.  410. 

1562  Thomas  Brydges    ...         ...         Parker,  358b. 

*  Fyneux,      See  Brass  IV.,  and  Old  Wills.         t  Bib.  Top.  Brii.  xviii.  109. 
X  Memorials  of  Canterbury,  p.  39. 



Date  of 




Richard  Colfe 

Whittift,  f.  488b. 


Isaac  Colfe... 

Abbot,  f.  396b. 


Jacob  Colfe 

Ibid.  f.  420. 


Thomas  Harward  ... 

Ibid.  f.  429  b. 


Alexander  Chapman 

Ibid.  p.  II,  f.  326a. 


Francis  Ketelby 

Ibid.  p.  Ill,  f.  185a, 


John  Reader 
John  Webb 

Laud,  p.  I,  f.  310a. 


William  Foche 

Bancroft,  f.  41b. 



appointed  during  Sancroft's 

suspension  and  is  buried 

in  the  North  Chantry  Chapel. 


John  Ramsey 

Tenison,p.  ii,f.2i9a. 


Henry  Archer 

Wake,  p.  I,  f.  333a. 


William  Squire 

Ibid.  p.  II,  f.  235a. 


Robert  Gascoyne  ... 

Potter,  f.  267a. 


Henry  Hall 

Herring,  f.  294b. 


William  Rogers 



John  Buncombe 


Dr.  Buncombe  was  a  very  learned  man  and  author  of  several 
works,  amongst  them  a  "  History  of  Heme  and  Reculver."  He 
was  a  great  Pluralist,  being  not  only  Vicar  of  Heme,  but  also 
Rector  of  St.  Andrew's  and  St.  Mary  Bredman's,  Canterbury, 
Master  of  Harbledown  and  St.  John's  Hospitals,  and  one  of  the 
Six  Preachers  in  the  Cathedral. 

Joseph  Price  ...         ...         Moore. 


John  Wood...         ...         ...  „ 

James  Six  May      ...  ...  Howley. 

James  Robert  Buchanan  ...         Longley. 


There  was  a  chantry  founded  in  this  church  in  honour  of  the 
Virgin  Mary,  by  Thomas  Newe,  CI.,  sometime  Vicar  of  Reculver, 
to  provide  for  the  perpetual  celebration  of  the  Mass.*  This 
foundation,  like  many  others  of  the  same  nature,  was  suppressed 
in  the  2nd  year  of  Edward  VI.,  the  revenues  of  it  being  at  that 

Hasted,  vol,  iii.,  623. 



time  of  the  yearly  value  of  ^6   5s.    id.,  and  sold  by  the  King's 
Commissioners  to  William  Twysden  and  John  Brown.* 

Date  of 



Islip,  f.  104a. 


William  Burke 
John  Kyngg,  on  the  resigna- 
tion of  Burke 
13S5  Nich  Crek,  presb. 

John  Robyn 
1440  Thomas    Curteyse,    on    the 

resignation  of  Robyn 
1460  Richard  Wyreham  ... 

14S9  John  Caton,  on  the  resigna- 

tion of  Wyreham 
Richard  ap  Gryffythe 
1506  Will  Mychill,   on  the  resig- 

nation of  Gryffythe  ...         Warham  f.  328b. 

*  Survey  and  Sale  of  Chantry  Lands,  in  Augmentation  Office. 

Sudbury,  f. 


Courtney,  f. 


Stafford,  f. 


Bouchier,  f. 




E  •:. 


,!^HE  Parish  Registers  commence  November  1558,  the  first  year 
'i^  of  Queen  Elizabeth.  The  early  portions  are  beautifully 
written,  and  are  transcriptions  on  parchment,  according  to  the 
stringent  mandate  to  that  effect,  ordered  in  1597. 

The  following  are  very  curious  : — 
1564.  Joane  Nottyngha  buryed  16  ejusdem  (July)  dead  in  travell 
and  her  child. 

1564.  Valentyne  Church  a  woeman  baptized  and  buryed  at  home 
26  ejusdem  (December). 

1565.  John  Jarvys  had  two  women  children  twynes  baptized  at 
home  joyned  togeather  in  the  belly  and  havynge  each  the 
one  of  theyr  armes  lyinge  at  one  of  theyr  owne  shoulders 
and  in  all  other  pts  well  pportioned  chilldren  buryed 
Auguste  29. 

1565.  Robert  Nicholson  maryner  and  forayner  buryed  23  ejusdem 
(January)  this  Robert  lay  in  John  Dodd's  house  from 
Wednes  Day  untill  Sunday  w*''out  any  succour. 

1566.  Stephanus  Sawyer  vir  pise  memoriae  annos  natus  92  martii 
30  vita  sua  finiit  cu  30  annos  continuos  pura  chi  religione 
contra  Romanam  tyrannidem  professus  fuisset. 

1567.  Ould  Arnold  a  chrysomer*  buryed  8  ejusdem  (February). 
(See  also  Tithes  and  Fees,  p.  59.) 

1567.  Wyllyam  Lawson  had  an  infant  christyand  by  the  woemen 
buryed  21  ejusdem  (Martii). 

*  Mr.  William  Boys,  F.S. A.,  of  Sandwich  (a  well  known  writer),  thought 
chrysomer  meant  an  unbaptized  child  — Rev.  Samuel  Deane  thought  it  meant  a 
christened  child  that  died  within  the  month. —  Bib.  Top.  Brit.,  xviii.,  186-7. 
The  chrysom  was  the  white  cloth  put  on  the  new  baptized  child. — Johnson's 
Canons  of  Eccles.  Law,  1720. 


1567.  Richard  ffowler  a  walkynge  man  buryed  25  ejusdem  (April). 

1568.  A  walkynge  woeman  buryed  27  Martii. 

1572.  A  wayfayringe  woeman  delivered  in  the  fieldes  by  the  buttes 
and  harboured  in  Barbonnes  Wydowes  house  whose  childe 
was  baptized  Septembris  14  and  called  Marke. 

1573.  Thomas  an  infant  fathered  upon  Mason  the  butcher  the 
mother's  confessyon  in  her  travayle  baptized  Augusti  24. 

1576.  Randall  Wood  puer  laqueo  se  ipsa  strangulans  buryed 
Novembris  20. 

1577.  Clement  Austen  smitten  with  thund'  and  blasted  with 
lightninge  in  his  house  whereof  he  dyed  ymmediately  buryed 
Augusti  3. 

1577.  John  ffrench  a  straung''  by  misfortune  killed  with  a  gunn 
in  the  Westbleane  buryed  Novembris  4. 

1589.  Robert  Ball  the  miller  taken  away  in  thund'  buryed  16  July. 

1590,  John  Ewell  an  excomunicate  pson  buryed  28  ejusdem 

1596.  Mother  AUyn  wid.  100  years  buryed  July  2. 

1597.  ffortune  a  bastard  the  daughter  of  the  Wid  Attyoe  be- 
gotten by  Willyam  Twyman  of  Byrchington  in  the  yie  of 
Thanett  baptized  Marty  19. 

1 60 1.  Stephen  Crump  clerk  of  this  pish  drowned  in  a  dyke 
betwene  Broad  Oke  and  Cant''bury  the  21  of  Aprill  and 
buryed  here  at  Heme  Aprill  2  2''. 

1 60 1.  Willyam  Tailor  a  boy  of  Robert  Stacy  musityon  of  Canter- 
bury who  came  unto  this  pysh  to  play  at  a  dauncing  on  a 
Sabaoth  day  here  sickned  and  dyed  the  day  followinge 
buryed  July  27. 

1609.  Mychaell  filius  Johannis  Hunt  curati  natus  die  Sabbati 
January  27  circa  hora  nona  ante  meridiana  {sic)  1609 
baptizatus  die  solis  February  quarto. 

1697.  A  waygoing  man  whose  name  I  knew  not  buryed  Mar^ 


1704.  Elizabeth  daughter  of  William  Foche  vicar  Elizabeth  his 

wife  born  and  baptized  Nov  j.  1 7*"- 

I  had  another  daughter  of  this  name  1 1  years. 
1706.  Mary  son  {sic)  of  Henry  Skinner  by  its  mother  the  Widow 

Rowe  confession  bapt  Ap  :  y  21'' 
171 1.   Frances  daughter  of  Isaiah  Lee  by  Dinah  his  wife,  being  y*" 

child  of  a  waygoing  woman,  was  for  want  of  Godfathers,  and 


Godmothers,  being  almost  at  y*"  point  of  death  as  it  seemed  to 
me,  baptized  w"'in  my  house  vv"'  private  baptism  Oct  5*''' 
171 1.  Frances  (daughter  of  Isaiah  Lee)  travellor  Bur.  Oct  7'"' 


1370.  The  Account  of  John  Poring  (?),  Chapman,  now  Keeper 
of  the  Goods  of  Heme  Church  in  the  Year  of  Our 
Lord  one  thousand  three  hundred  and  seventy  from  the 
feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel  to  the  same  feast 

Arrears. — He  accounts  for   100  shillings  and  ten  pence 

halfpenny  of  arrears. 
Rents    of  Assize. — Also    he    is    answerable    for   fifteen 
shillings  and  sixpence  halfpenny    for  Michaelmass,  of 
the  rents  (due)  at  that  term.     And  for  nineteen  pence 
halfpenny  of  the  rents  due  at  the  feast  of  Our  Lord's 
Nativity.      And  for  fifteen  shillings  and  eight  of  rent 
due  at  the  feast  of  Easter.     And  for  eighteen  pence  of 
rent  due  at  the  feast  of  S.  John  Baptist. 
Sttm. — Thirty  four  shillings  and  four  pence, 

&c.  &c.  &c. 

1550.     It.  of  Henry  Oxenden  Gent  for  his  farme  of  six  acres  of 
lande  as  is  aforesaid      ...         ...  ...         ...         vi' 

,,         It.  paide  for  iij  hunderd  of  leade  nayles  at  iv*^  the 

hundered  ...  ...  ...  ...         ...       xii** 

1656.  Aug.  28.     Item,  to  John  King  about  his  good- 
wife  ...  ...  ...  ...     00   I  I     o 

„      to  ffork  her  out  of  prisson  1  ...     00  10     o 
1702.  May  29.     P*^  for  three  Roag  Hoges  (Hedgehogs)     00     i     o 
1705.  Ap"  23.     Given  to   famelys   that    were  driven 
from  House  and  habitation  by  y*" 
sea ...          ...         ...         ...  ...     00     2     o 

1704.  Mar.  25.     For    2    PouUcatts   (Polecats)  and  3 

Hedghoggs  ...  ...  ...     00     2     o 

„  „  Given    to    Travellers    taken    by  the 

French       ...  ...  ...  ...     00      i      6 

„  „  Given  to  the  Ringers  on  the  Day  of 

Ringing  for  the  Great  Victory     ...     00     6     o 
1706    17    day     For  Writing  in  the  Register,  p*^  Oath 
of   Aprill.  and  to  Mr.  Lock  for  his  Dinnor  and 

keeping  y*"  Rigister  ...  ...     00  10     o 











1706  17    day      Spent   at   ye   Vizitation.      P"*    at   y*" 
of  April.  Parambleation.    P''  for  ringing  and 

other  small  things...  ...  ...     03     9     o 

„  ,.  P''  for  2  foxe's  heads.    P'^  10  Dussun 

of  Sparrows'  Heads.  P"  6  bottells 
of  Wine  for  y^  Communion 

„  „  P''  for  buring  of  3  men  by  the  Sea 


„  .,  P*  To  Bushell  his  yeare's  Dogwhip- 

„  ,,  P'^  To  the  Owld  Churchwarden,  that 

were  out  of  yure  sight  at  y^  Parish 
Meeting     ... 

and  3  dusson  of  Sparrows  heads    ... 

1707.  May  22.     P'*  to  gode  wofe  when  hir  husband 

was  gone    ...  ...  ...  ...  16 

„  „  Memorandum  that  the  Churchwardens 

£         s         d 

of  Hearn  pay  the  sum  of  00.  05.  o. 
to  Church- warden  of  Reculver  with- 
in the  "  No'^th  Po^rch  "  of  the  said 
Church  every  Whitsun  Munday. 

1708.  Ap.  20.     Paid  Mrs.  Stevens  for  ile  (oil)  and  half 

a  bushel  of  Coles  ...  ...  ...  00  00   io| 

1710.  May  10.     Paid  for  several  dousson  of  Sparrows, 

Four  hedg  Hoggs  .. . 
1720.  Sept. 30.     Gave  a   travelling  woman,    big    with 

child,  to  depart  y^  place    ... 
,,  „  Tho'  Tanner  for  2  doz  sparrowes    ... 

„  ,,  Paid  Jo"  Smith  y^  dog  Whipper,  his 

half  yeares  Wagges  ...         ...     00  05     o 

„  „  Wiir  Rothop  for  Drink  for  y^  Ringers      • 

had  on  Coronation  Day    ... 
„  ,,  For  a  form  of  Prayer  for  y"  fast  day 

„  ,,  P"*  to  Richard  Mather  for   catching 

a  fox 

,,  ,,  Gave  three  Travellers  in  want 

„  ,,  Gave  to  Company  of  Slaves 

„  ,,  P^for    I    Graye's   Head  (Badger)... 

„  „  Gave  2  aged  Slaves  ... 

»  „  Paid  for  3  hegg  hogs 

„  ,,  Gave  Ringers  for  Gunpowder  Trea- 
son ...  ...          ...          ...          ...     00  05     o 




































1720.  Sept. 30, 


1727.  May  26. 

Oct.  16. 
April  I. 



































P**  Richard  Mather,  his  wife,  for  a  fox 
h"  &  a  Grays  h''     

Smuggler's  Money.     Totall  ... 

P''  Contribution  money  at  Reculver... 

Spent  there    ... 

Gave  to  13  men  Turkey  Slaves 

P**  to  Reculver  Churchwardens 

Spent  at  the  same  time 

Gave  the  Ringers  at  Proclaiming  the 

Gave  the  Ringers  at  the  Coronation 

Paid  Jaurice   Dadsman  for  a  Bagor's 

(Badger's)  head.     ... 
P*^  Fran*  Young  for  burying  two  men 
taken  up  by  the  sea 

Spent  at  y*^  bounds  of  the  Parish 
For  carrying  a  poor  Rashed  Travailor 
in  my  cart  to  y*"  Pox  (Small  Pox) 
Officer,  viz.,  to  Mr.  Ewells  2*, 
and  I*  I  gave  her  to  gett  up  my 

"  Form  of  the  Receit  for  the  payment  of  the  five  shillings  at 
"  Reculver  on  Whitson  Munday  is  as  followeth  :  " 

"May  y^  28,  1705.  Received  then  of  John  Kemp  and 
"  Edward  Webb,  Churchwardens  of  the  Parish  of  Hearne  y"  sume 
"  of  five  shillings  which  by  an  antient  composition  is  yearely  pay- 
"  able  by  y*  Churchwardens  of  Heme  above  p*^  to  y"^  Church- 
"  wardens  of  Reculver  upon  this  day  being  Munday  in  Whitson 
"  Weeke.     Received  in  full  for  y"  a  bove  said  composition. 

"/;     s.     d.  by  us  T O i     Church 

"0^0  R \V Wardens:' 

03  03 

00  03  00 


a  I  letter  written  by  the  Rev.  John  Hunte,  curate  of  Heme, 
3  dated  August  loth,  162 1,  showing  "the  manner  of  paying 
"  the  small  tithes,  and  certain  customs  with  regard  to  "  church 
fees,"  is  very  interesting  and  amusing.* 

Mr.  Hunte  declares  this  to  be  "  the  ancient  custom  beyond 
"  the  memory  of  man."  He  had  the  books  of  Mr.  Brydges 
(Vicar  1562),  who  had  them  of  Mr.  Johnson  (1549).  This  letter 
throws  light  upon  the  words  or  the  original  Institution  of  the 
Vicarage."t  The  vicar  shall  have  tenths  of  hay,  flax,  wool,  milk, 
honey,  lambs,  produce  of  gardens  and  meadows.". . .  "  Omnes  que 
"  minutas  decimas  qute  ad  altaragium  spectare  dicuntur,:]:  i.e., 
"  and  all  the  small  tithes  which  are  said  to  belong  to  the  altar." 

//  .   2'^-  for  the  milk  of  every  cowe. 

//.  The  calfe,  if  it  be  sold,  the  vicar's  due  is  the  tenth  penny  ;.  as, 
if  it  be  sold  for  lo*' the  vicar  hath  out  of  that  due  to  him 
1 2*^-  If  the  owner  of  the  calfe  kill  it  in  his  house,  the  vicar 
hath  due  the  left  shoulder  thereof. 

//.  For  every  1 2  monthling  bullocke,  be  it  either  heifor  or  steere, 
i''-  to  be  paid  at  Easter  ;  for  every  two  yearing,  2*^ ;  for  every 
three  yearing,  3''-,  if  the  heifore  be  not  with  calfe,  for  in  this 
case  shee  is  titheable  as  a  cowe ;  and  if  the  steere  hath 
usually  wrought,  he  is  thereby  freed ;  the  like  manner  is 
observed  for  coultes. 

//.  Wooll  is  due  the  tenth  pound,  or  tenth  quarter. 

*  Lambeth  Library,  MS.  Lewis,  p.  226. 

t    Reg.  Winchelsea,  f.  30  Lambeth  Lil). 

I  "  The  word  '  altaragium  '  signifies  all  tithes  otTerings  belonging  to  the 
minister  for  officiating  at  the  altar,  and  comprehends  every  titheable  matter 
not  expressly  mentioned  in  the  endowment." — Rateman  on  Agistment  Tithes. 


It.  Grasse  hath   usually  been  taken  in  grasse  cockes,  unlesse  in 

curtesse  the  parishioners  will  make  it  good. 
//.   Hempe,  the  tenth  shote  of  thistle  and  seed  hempc  immediately 

when  it  is  drawn. 
//.  Of  bees,  the  tenth  measure  of  honey,  and  the  tenth  quantity 

of  wax. 
Ji.  Eggs,  as  the  vicar  and  parishioners  can  agree,  but  if  he  will 

have  eggs  (the  antient  custom,  as  hath  been  reported),  two 

eggs  for  every  hen,  and  three  for  every  cocke.     The  like   for 

ducks  and  drakes. 
//.  Geese  and  turkeys  are  to  be  taken  for  tith  at  such  times  as  they 

may  be  made  fitt  for  food. 
//.  In  gardens,  onions,  rootes,  artichokes,  and  such,  are  paid  the 

tenth,  or  tenth  measure  ;  but  for  herebes  and  flowers,  as  the 

vicar  and  parishioners  can  agree,  3'*'  4''  or  6'^-  for  the  whole 

yeare  (payed  usually  at  Easter). 
It.  Ffruits  (as  apples,  pears,  nutts,   wardens,  (walnuts  ?)  plumes, 

&c.),  the  tenth  measure  as  they  are  gathered. 
It.  Out  of  dove  houses  the  tenth  pigeon. 
//.  For  titheing  of  every  deepware  (fishery)  2"- ;  of  every  landware, 

I2'*-     For  theyr  mullet  netts  I  have  compounded  (and  others 

before  me)  for  3'  4*^-  sometimes  5'-  sometimes  VI"-  8''  for  the 

//.  Tith   of  mill    according   to   ancient   custome  is  due   to   the 

vicar.     The  Finneauxes  themselves  who  were  farmers  to  the 

personage  yet  they  have  paid  a  composition  to  the  vicar  in 



//.  For  a  marriage  cum  licentia  2"-  6,  sine  licentiii  18'  for  a 
certificate  of  the  banns  ijs,  (but  the  ancient  duty  was  but  i'  vi., 
accordinge  to  the  proverbef  "the  price  of  a  goose.") 

//.  For  a  chrystning  at  the  mother's  churchinge,  if  the  childe  then 
be  living,  half  an  ell  of  linen  cloth  ;  and  a  penny  if  the  child 

*  This  is  very  interesting,  and  throws  light  upon  a  statement  which  Leiand 
makes,  "  Yt  (Heron)  stondeth  dim  2  myle  fro  the  mayne  shore,  and  ther  is 
good  pitching  of  nettes  for  mullettes." — Itin.  vol.  vii.,  p.  144. 

t  "  The  price  of  a  wife  is  the  price  of  a  goose." 




be  departed  ;  i*^-  only  at  the  mother's  comeing  to  give  thanks 
But  the  antient  duty  for  chrystning  was  a  crysome  (or  the 
face  cloth  that  covered  the  child  at  its  baptisme),  if  it  lived  : 
but,  if  the  child  died,  the  minister  was  to  have  ij.  for  the 
baptizing,  and  was  to  loose  the  face  cloth  (for  that  was 
to  wind  the  child  in). 
For  burialls  nothing. 


mti  muK 

Robert  Somersal,  1541. 
Robert  Somersal  by  his  Will  (Consistorial  Court  of  Canterbury, 
1541 )  directed  "  his  body  to  be  buried  in  the  Parish  Church  of  St. 
Martin  Heme,  next  the  sepulchre  of  John  Maycott,  being  before 
John's  Altar  in  the  said  Church."  He  gave  "towards  the 
buying  of  a  Canopy,  to  bear  over  the  Sacrament  going  a  pro- 
cession, 20  shillings,"  and  "  towards  the  Cloth  to  lay  over  the 
Brides  when  they  are  married,  40  shillings."  "  To  Sir  William 
Michell  Janntire  (Chantry)  Priest  of  Heme,  20  shillings."  He 
appointed  William  Fyneux  Esq.,  and  William  Oxenden  Gentle""^" 
Executors,  and  Lady  Fyneux  overseers,  of  his  Will. 

John  Younge,  145S. 
John  Younge  of  Heme  by  his  Will  (Consistorial  Court,  Can- 
terbury, 1458)  directed  his  "  body  to  be  buried  at   Heme,"  and 
"gave  twelve  pence  to  the  High  Altar  of  the  Church,"  and  "  10 
marks  towards  making  the  seats  called  pwynge." 

Thomas  Bysmer,  1466. 
Thomas  Bysmer  of  Heme  by  his  Will  (Consistorial  Court,  Canter- 
bury, 1466)  directed  his  "  body  to  be  buried  at  Heme,"  and  gave 
"  8d.  to  the  High  Altar  of  the  Church,"  "  26s.  8d.  for  one  Peace- 
Kiss  of  Silver,  for  the  use  of  the  Church  on  high  days,"  and 
13s.  4d.  for  a  pyx  to  place  the  Sacrament  on  the  Altar." 

William  Philip,   1458. 
William    Philip  of  Heme,    by   his   Will    (Consistorial  Court, 
Canterbury  1458)  directed  his  "  body  to  be  buried  in  the  Chapel 
of  St.  John  the  Baptist  Heme,"  and  left  "  3s.  4d.  to  each  of  the 
Parishes  of  Heme,  Swalecliffe,  and  Whitstable." 

OLD   wills;.  61 

Sir  Matthew  Philip,  1475. 

Sir  Matthew  "Philip,*  by  his  will  (Prerogative  Court,  London, 
1475),  directed  his  body  to  be  buried  in  the  church  of  St.  Vedast, 
London,  "that  is,  to  witt,  under  the  tomb  there  where  as  the  body 
of  Joan  my  wife  lyeth  buried,  if  it  happen  me  to  deceass  in 
London."  He  died  at  Heme,  and  is  buried  in  the  same  vault  as 
his  wife,  Christine. 

Among  the  bequests  made  is  one  "  to  the  Wardens  and  Conaltie 
of  the  said  Crafte  of  Goldsmythes  for  poor  Almss  people  of  the 
salde  Crafte,  ;^io." 

And  another  of  "33s.  4d.  to  the  same  crafte  for  an  Obite  or 
Anniversary  to  be  kept  yerely  for  evermore  in  the  Church  of  Saint 
Vedast  upon  the  day  in  which  it  shall  fortune  me  to  deceass, 
solemnly  by  note,  for  my  soule,  and  for  the  soule  of  Joan,  late  my 
wife,  and  for  all  Christian  Soules,  one  placebo  and  dirige  on  the 
Even,  and  Masse  of  requiem  on  the  Morrow." 

//  would  appear,  from  the  words  which  follow,  that  the  C07ivi- 
viality  tvhich  characterises  the  City  Guilds  is  of  very  ancient  date. 

"  And  I  woUe  that,  at  the  saide  yerely  Obite,  there  be  spente  and 
paide,  of  the  fore  saide,  33s.  4d.,  in  a  potacion,  or  recreacion,  to 
be  made  at  Goldesmythe's  Hall  of  London,  for  the  Wardens,  and 
men  of  the  Lyvery  of  the  same  Crafte  and  for  priestes,  clerkes,  of 
the  saide  Pish,  such  as  will  cum  to  the  saide  Obite  and  potacion 
in  the  saide  Hall,  13s.  4d." 

Sir  Matthew  died  possessed  of  the  Manors  of  "Hawe"  and 
'•  Underdowne"  (Heme),  which  he  left  in  trust  to  John  Younge, 
Knight,  Citizen  and  Alderman  of  London,  Master  John  Tapton, 
Clerk,  William  Hussey,  Esq., Thomas  Frowyk,  Esq.,  Robert  Martyn, 
"  Esq.,  John  Roper,  Esq.,  Roger  Brent,  and  John  Andrews,  for  his 
wife  {third  wife)  Beatrice,  and  at  her  death,  to  his  son  William." 

Sir   John   Fyneux,    1525-6. 

Sir  John  Fyneux  (Prerogative  Court,  London,  by  his  will  1525), 
bequeathed  "  to  the  Church  Works  of  Hyrne,  100^  .  .  .  and  to 
every  of  the  Vicars  of  Hyrne,  Lynsted,  and  Sainte  Dunstan,  40"-, 
to  be  prayed  for." 

"  Item.  I  bequethe  to  William  my  sonne  my  Coler  of  Golde  to 
be  delivered  to  him  at  his  age  of  24  .  .  .  " 

*I  think,  son  of  the  last,  William,  and  not,  as  Stowe  records,  "son  of 
Arnold  Philip,  of  Norwich." — Survey  of  London,  vol.  ii.,  p.  122. 


"  Iton.  I  will  that  my  household  be  kept  holy  (wholly)  an  hole 
(whole)  yeare  next  after  my  death  to  the  intente  that  my  family 
may  provide  in  that  meane  tyme  for  theyr  further  lyving  as  they 
shall  think  best ..." 

"  Item.  I  wille  my  saide  wife  have  two  basyns,  and  two  ewers, 
two  standyng  cuppes,  two  saltes,  and  all  my  spoons,  a  powder 
box,  a  boll  gilte,  a  pece  of  silver  covered,  and  that  pece  of  the 
best,  at  her  own  choyse  "  .  .  "  And  I  give  and  bequethe  to 
William  Fyneux  my  sonne^,  and  to  every  of  my  daughters  nowe 
being  on  lyve  and  out  of  religion,  to  either  of  them  a  basyn  and  a 
ewer  of  silver." 

He  bequeathed  to  his  wife  his  Manor  of  Hawe,  and  appointed 
the  Prior  of  Christ  Church  (Sir  John  Morton),  Lady  Fyneux,  John 
Hales  (Baron),  James  Digge  (his  brother),  and  John  Colman, 

Rev.  John  Warren,  1538. 

Rev.  John  Warren  Vicar  (Prerogative  Court,  London,  1538). 
"  Yf  it  shall  chaunce  me  to  dye  in  Heme,  then  I  wille  my  body 
to  be  buried  without  the  church  porche  of  the  north  side  of  the 
said  Parish  Churche,  as  nygh  unto  the  porche  as  conveniently 

The  very  first  step  from  the  Porch  into  the  Church  is  upon  a 
very  remarkable  old  coffin-shaped  stone  ! 

Lady  Elizap.eth  Fyneux,  1539. 
Lady  Elizabeth  Fyneux  by  her  Will  (Consistorial  Court 
of  Canterbury,  1539)  desired  to  be  buried  "in  the  high 
quyre  on  the  south  side  of  the  high  altar  in  the  Church 
of  Heme,"  She  gave  "  one  hundred  marks  to  be  disposed 
of  at  her  burial  and  for  the  keeping  of  the  months  day  in 
masses  and  money  fyninge  to  poor  people  and  other  chari- 
table deeds;''  and  "at  her  twelve  months  mind  twenty  marks" 
— "  to  the  poor  of  the  parish  of  Heme,  ^5" — "  to  the  Vicar 
of  Heme,  Master  Nicholas  Ridley  four  marks."  "To  her  son 
William,  one  of  her  chalyses,  one  Mass  book,  one  vestment  of 
crymsyn  damask  whereupon  be  sette  hers  and  her  husbands  arms, 
with  an  altar  cloth  of  crymsyn  damask  and  grene, — 13  silver 
spoons,  whereof  one  beareth  the  pretense  of  Christe,  and  the  other 
of  the  Apostles," — to  "  Sir  Richard  Tyndell,  her  chaplain,  the 
feather  bed  that  he  lyeth  upon  with  all  that  belongeth  to  it,  and 

OLD  WILLS.  63 

26''-  8^-  so  that  he  be  continually  in  her  service  and  with  her  at  the 
time  of  her  decease,  or  else  to  have  nothing,"  She  appointed  as 
her  executors  "  Master  John  Hales  (one  of  the  Barons  of  the 
King's  Exchequer),  Henry  Hubbert,  Esq''' '  and  Master  James 

Edward  Monyngs,  i546.'* 
Edward  Monyngs  (also  spelt  Monins)  of  Waldershare  by  his 
Will  (Consistorial  Court  of  Canterbury,  1546)  devised  to  "  his  Son 
Richard  Monyngs,  and  Katheryne  his  Wife,"  his  Manor  or 
Messuage  "called  Reggway  (now  Ridgway)  in  the  Parish  of 
Heme,  and  all  other  and  tenements  in  the  said  Parish  of  Heme." 

William  Fyneux,  1557. 
William  Fyneux,  the  Elder,  of  Heme,  Esq.  (son  and  heir  of  Sir 
John  Fyneux,  Consistorial  Court  of  Canterbury,  1557),  by  his  Will 
directed  "  his  body  to  be  buried  in  the  next  convenient  place  of 
burial  where  it  should  please  God  he  should  decease."  He  gave 
"to  the  Curate  for  his  painstaking  in  laying  him  in  the  earth 
6'-  S**-,"  and  to  each  of  "  them  who  should  bear  him  to  his  burial 
20'^-  To  the  vicar  of  Heme  if  he  should  die  there  6*  8^-,  and 
to  every  clerk  there  3'-  4*^ "  To  his  "  wife  Frydeswide  his 
Manor  House  of  House  of  Hawe.  To  his  son  John,  his  lands  in 
the  Parishes  of  Heme,  Chislet,  Swingfield,  AUkham,  Lydden, 
Denton  and  Wootton,  and  all  the  ground  sometime  belonging  to 
the  Chauntry  of  Heme."  He  also  gave  his  lands  at  "  St.  Dunstan's, 
Canterbury,  Harbledown,  Hackington,  Sturry,  and  St,  Cosmus 
Blean,  to  his  son  Christopher  Fyneux." 

Thomas  Terrye,  1564. 
Thomas  Terrye,  of  Heme,  Husbandman,  by  his  will  (Consistorial 
Court  of  Canterbury,  1564),  directed  his  body  to  be  buried  in  the 
Churchyard  of  Heme.  He  devised  his  lands  in  Heme  to  his  son 
John  at  21  years  of  age,  and  if  he  should  die  without  heirs  of  his 
body,  then  he  devised  the  same  to  Thomas  Arnold  of  Heme 
fishermen  and  his  heirs,  he  paying  out  of  the  same  ;£2>  yearly  to 
the  Churchwardens  and  four  other  substantial  inhabitants,  to  be 
distributed  by  them  to  the  poor  people  of  the  Parish. 

John  Church,   1571. 
John  Church,  of  Heme,   by  his   Will  (Consistorial    Court  01 
Canterbury,     1571),    directed   "his  body  to  be    buried    in  the 

*  .See  p.  II. 


Churchyard  of  Heme."  He  gave  "  to  the  poor  people  of  Heme 
two  semes  of  wheat  to  be  distributed  amongst  ihem  to  every  one 
a  bodye  so  far  as  it  would  amount." 

He  devised  "  his  lands  and  houses  to  his  son  William  in  tail  and 
the  remainder  to  his  Nephew  Cieorge  in  like  manner.  If  both 
died  without  issue,  he  gave  to  the  poor  folks  of  Heme  one  half  of 
the  profits,  and  to  the  Parish  Church  the  other  half,  to  be  paid  at 
two  several  times  of  the  year,  viz.,  at  Christmas  and  Easter." 

Richard  Terry,  1615. 
Richard  Terry,  of  Heme,  Yeoman,  by  his  Will  (Consistorial 
Court  of  Canterbury,  1615),  devised  "  if  his  two  sons  John  and 
Thomas  should  die  without  heirs  male,  to  the  Churchwardens  and 
Supervisors  of  the  poor  of  this  Parish,  an  annuity  or  yearly  rent  of 
;;^io  in  fee  simple,  for  ever,  issuing  out  of  all  the  lands  and  tene- 
ments by  him  devised — the  remainder  to  John  Selby,  the  son  of  his 
son-in-law  John  Selby,  his  Mansion  House,  and  certain  premises 
therein  described  in  Sea  Street  in  Heme,  and  in  the  borough  of 
Hampton,  and  his  then  dwelling-house  at  Eddington,  and  the  lands 
belonging  to  it,  and  his  house  and  lands  in  the  borough  of  Stroud, 
the  one  half  of  zahich  he  devised  towards  the  reparations  of  the 
Parish  Church,  and  the  other  half  to  the  7-elief  of  the  poor  with 
liberty  of  distrai?iing.^'  And  he  devised  "  one  other  Annuity  or 
yearly  rent  of  30s.  od.  in  fee  simple  for  ever  to  be  yearly  paid  on 
the  feast  of  John  the  Baptist  with  liberty  of  distraining." 

Sir  William  Sedley,  1617. 

By  indenture  bearing  date  17th  September,  1627,  between  Sir 
John  Sedley,  Bart.,  executor  of  Sir  W.  Sedley  of  the  first  part, 
John  Welby  of  the  second  part,  and  Robert  Knowler  and  twelve 
others  of  the  third  part,  reciting  that  the  said  Sir  W.  Sedley, 
by  his  Will  bearing  date  29th  October,  161 7,  •'  directed  his  execu- 
tors to  purchase  to  the  use  of  the  poor  of  the  Parish  of  Heme  an 
annuity  of  ^3  6s.  8d.,  and  that  the  said  Sir  John  Sedley,  party 
thereof,  had  in  lieu  of  the  said  annuity  paid  ^55  towards  the 
purchasing  of  the  lands  thereafter  mentioned  for  the  use  of  the 
said  poor,  the  said  John  Welby  in  consideration  of  £64,  whereof 
the  said  ;;^55  was  part,  and  jQg  the  residue  was  paid  by  Robert 
Knowler  and  other  parties  of  the  third  part,  being  part  of  a  legacy 
of  ^20,  theretofore  given  by  Sir  John  Smith  to  the  use  of  the  poor 

OLD   WILLS.  65 

of  the  said  parish,  granted  to  the  parties  of  the  third  part  and  their 
heirs  two  pieces  of  land,  theretofore  one  piece,  containing  by 
estimation  lo  acres,  in  Chislet,  butting  on  lands  called  Spittle 
Land,  North,  East,  and  South,  and  to  the  highway  ^\^est,  on  trust 
that  they  and  their  heirs  should  see  the  rents  and  pro/its  yeat'ly  be- 
stotved  on  the  poor  of  the  parish,  according  to  the  \Vill  of  the  said 
Sir  W.  Sedley. 

"  It  appears  from  Table  of  Benefactions,////  up  before  1791,  that 
the  lands  in  Chislet  consisted  of  four  closes,  ccntaining  ()a,  ir.  29/. 
(an  old  map  framed  in  the  Vestry  corroborates  this)  with  a  tene- 
ment and  were  let  at  jQi  a  year."^ — Charity  Commissioners^ 
Report,  26th  Nov.,  1836. 

For  particulars  of  the  application  of  this  Charity  see  Blean 
Union,  p.  14, 

George  Hawlet,  1625. 
(also  Howlet). 

George  Hawlet,  of  Heme,  Yeoman,  by  his  Will  (Consistorial 
Court  of  Canterbury),  1625,  directed  his  "  body  to  be  buried  in 
the  Churchyard  of  Heme  near  to  the  grave  of  his  late  wife 
Thomasine."  He  gave  "  40  shillings  to  be  distributed  amongst 
the  poor  of  Heme  by  the  Churchwardens  on  the  day  of  his 
burial,  and  charged  his  house  and  lands  at  Greenhill  in  the  parish 
of  Heme,  with  the  payment  of  ;/^3  a  year  toioards  the  maintenance 
and  relief  of  the  poor  for  ever  of  the  Parish  of  Herne.''^ 

Of  this  bequest  the  Charity  Commissioners  report  as  follows: — 
"  It  is  stated  on  the  Table  of  Benefactions  that  there  was  payable 
;^3  yearly  from  the  lands  of  Mr.  Thomas  Holbourn,  at  Green 
Hill,  in  Hampton  Borough,  bequeathed  by  Mr.  George  Howlet, 
9th  April,  1624. 

"  Search  has  been  made  for  the  Will  of  George  Howlet  without 
success,  but  a  farm  called  Greenhill,  in  Hamptoti  Borough,  was 
purchased  in  1835  of  Henry  IVorrjll,  by  William  Wlggens,  of 
Bridge  Street,  Blackfriars,  on  luhich  occasion  it  was  discovered  that 
the  premises  were  siibject  to  this  rent-charge,  and  compensation  was 
made  to  Mr.   Wiggens  by  a  deduction  from  the  purchase  money. 

"  It  does  not  appear  from  the  Parish  accounts  up  to  what 
period  the  rent  charge  was  paid,  or,  how,  when  received,  it  was 
disposed  of.  Mr.  Wiggens  has  agreed  to  pay  the  amount  for  two 
years,  viz.,  1835,  when  he  purchased  the  land,  and  1836." — 
Report,  26th  Nov.,  1836. 


Chrisi'oi'HER  Milles,   1638' 

Christopher  Milles  of  Heme  Esq.  by  his  Will  (Consistorial 
Court  of  Canterbury,  1638)  directed  his  "body  to  be  buried 
under  a  tombstone  in  the  Parsonage  Chancel  of  Heme*  between 
the  corpses  of  his  late  Wife  and  his  Son  Edward,  with  the  less 
solemnity  that  the  more  may  be  bestowed  on  my  Children  the  Poor. 

"  I  will  and  bequeath  to  my  children  of  Heme  ^3,  of  Reculver 
^4,  of  Hoath  ;i{^2,  of  Westbere  ^i  a  year,  in  all  ;^io,"  to  be 
paid  the  last  day  of  August  every  year,  from  year  to  year,  after 
my  decease  which  was  the  day  of  my  birth, — to  continue  as 
long  as  it  shall  please  his  Grace  and  successors  to  continue  the 
lease  of  the  parsonage  of  Reculver,  Hoath,  Heme,  to  any  of 
my  surname  that  one  after  another  shall  succeed  me  in  the 
said  parsonage  and  tytheries,  and  I  pray  the  Vicars  and  minis- 
ters of  Reculver,  Hoath  and  Heme  and  parsonage  of  Westbere 
for  the  time  being  and  the  chief  of  every  parish  it  concerns, 
to  be  petitioners,  as  cause  shall  require  to  his  Grace  and  suc- 
cessors for  the  poor,  in  that  behalf,  as  under  the  well  doing  of 
their  own  children  they  shall  leave  here  behind  them,  and 
would  not  the  guilt  of  cojiscience  they  else  shall  hence  carry  with 
them  for  iieglecting  to  gain  the  charity  of  the  dead  towards  the 
living  poor  so  adopted  my  childrefi.^' 

Thomas  Knowler,  1658. 

"  Thomas  Knowler,  by  his  Will,  1658,  gave  land  for  the  use  of  the 
poor  which  is  vested  in  Trustees  the  survivor  unknown,  and  is  of  the 
annual  produce  of;^i  i  os.  5d.,  likewise  other  land  vested  in  like  man- 
ner for  the  clothing  of  the  poor  the  Annual  produce  of  which  is  ^5." 

If  those  who  are  interested  (and  every  right-minded  parishioner 
ought  to  be  interested)  will  carefully  peruse  the  above  extracts 
from  Old  Wills,  the  Benefaction  Tables  (certified  copies  of  the 
old,  taken  and  placed  by  the  present  vicar  in  the  South  Chantry 
Chapel)  and  also  the  Reports  of  the  Charity  Commissioners,  1836 
— 1873,  they  will  find  that  these  charities  have  been  shamefully 
neglected,  disputed,  and  in  the  case  of  some,  even  lost.  That 
they  remain  even  in  their  present  unsatisfactory  condition,  is,  in 
no  small  degree,  owing  to  the  energy  and  perseverance  of  Mr.  J. 
Knowler  Pembrook,  a  former  churchwarden. 

*  Commonly  called  the  Milles  Chapel,  originally  the  "  Lady  Chapel  "  and 
"Chapel  of  St.  John  the  Baptist." 

OLD   WILLS.  07 

And  here  I  conclude  with  the  translation  of  a  Deed  of  Gift, 
which  proves  the  existence  of  a  much  older  church  than,  that  now 

I  am  conscious  that  as  a  history  the  work  is  incomplete ;  the 
registers,  churchwardens'  accounts,  &c.,  being  representative  only, 
suited  to  the  general  reader. 

If.  however,  it  meets  with  success,  it  will,  perhaps,  be  followed 
by  another,  giving  translations  of  deeds  and  documents  of  great 
antiquity  and  interest,  and  an  Account  of  some  Htriie  Worthies. 

Endorsed  Josep  xijd. 
"  Know  all  men  present  and  to  come  that  I  Edmund  son  of 
Robert  atter  Halle  of  Heme  have  given  and  granted  and  by  this 
my  pre'sent  charter  have  confirmed  twelve  pence  sterling  of  my 
free  and  annual  rent  in  pure  and  perpetual  alms  and  for  the 
maintenance  of  the  light  before  the  altar  of  St.  Mary  in  the  chancel 
of  Heme  which  rent  John  surnamed  Malyne  has  been  used  to  pay, 
namely  at  Easter,  from  three  rods  or  virgates  of  land  with  its 
appurtenances  lying  at  Joseppeflode  between  the  lands  of  the  heirs 
of  Robert  atte  Halle  on  the  East  and  the  land  of  Nicholas  the 
Clerk  on  the  West,  heading  towards  the  South  to  the  high  way, 
and  towards  the  North  to  the  land  of  the  heirs  of  Stephen  Under- 
down  :  To  have  and  to  Hold  (for  the  healing  of  the  souls  of  my- 
self of  my  parents  of  my  kinsfolk  and  of  all  my  benefactors)  for 
the  maintenance  of  the  aforesaid  light,  freely  entirely  and  peacably 
by  hereditary  right  for  ever.  And  I  the  aforesaid  Edmund  and 
my  heirs  will  in  all  things  warrant  and  acquit  in  all  things  and  will 
defend  the  aforesaid  rent  with  its  appurtenances  against  the  chief 
lords  of  the  fee  and  against  all  men  in  the  matter  of  all  suits  and 
services  due  therefrom  and  accustomed  to  be  paid  year  by  year. 
In  witness  and  confirmation  of  which  thing  to  this  writing,  lawfully 
drawn  up  in  the  month  of  April  in  the  25th  year  of  King  Edward 
of  England  (a.d.  1352),  my  seal  is  appended.  These  men  being 
witnesses  Richard  of  the  Haghe  Robert  and  John  his  sons  Hamo 
of  Mekymbroke^'  Nicholas  the  Clerk  John  Thomas  Henry  and 
Robert  of  Strode  Philip  of  Northwode  Jacob  Laurent  John  atte 
Weylete  Thomas  of  Chylindenne  Geoffrey  of  Chelde  and  others." 

*  See  p.  II. 

Pi,"  '  '  *i'"  <aa 


Aisles  of  Heme  Church  ...23-24,  27 
All  Saints,Thanet,Reculver  Mother 

church  of     3 

'Allyn,  Mother,  died  100  years  old.  53 
Altar  of  St.  Mary,   Lights  before 

the       67 

Altaragium,  Meaning  of       57 

Andre ivs,    John,    trustee    of    Sir 

Matthew  Philip's  will        61 

Apuldrefield,  Sir  William     42 

Archer.  Henry,  Vicar  of  Heme  ...  50 

Archery  at  Heme 14 

Arnold,  Ould,  buried    52 

Arnold,  Thomas     63 

Arundel,  Abp.,  Arms  on  font  ...  23 
Atter    Halle,    Edmund,    Deed   of 

Gift      67 

At-Sea    family    and    Stroud    and 

Underdown        10 

Atte-Brooke,    Richard,    Grant    of 

land  by        1 1- 12 

Atte-Sea,  John      10 

Brass  of 42-43 

Atte  Weylete 67 

Atte-Sea,  William 10 

Atte-Seas  Court     10 

Attyoe,  Widow      53 

Austen,   Clement,  killed  by  light- 



Badgers,  Payments  for 55 

Ball,  Robert,  killed  by  thunder  ...  53 
Baptistery  of  Heme  Church...        21-23 
Basket ville.  Miss  Mary,  gives  Co- 
rona to  Church  30 

Bas>e,  a  priest,  Land  given  to  ...  2 
Basset,  Henry.  Vicar  of  Heme  ...  46 
Bate,  James,  (j rant  of  land  by  ...  10 
Bayli,  Walter,  Grant  of  land  by...  12 
Beacon  fixed  in  the  parish  of  Heme  14 
Bedale,  John,  Vicar  of  Heme  ...  46 
Bede,  Venerable,  refers  to  Re- 
culver  I 

Belsey    family.     Mural    tablet    in 

memory  of 27 

Belting  Green 13 

Beltinge 12 

Benstede,  Andrew,  Vicar  of  Heme  47 

Berhtwald,  Abbot  of  Reculver     ...  2 

Birch,  W.  de  Gray        38 

Birch,  W.  de  Gray,  on  the  barrows 

at  Beltinge 12 

Blean  Union 14 

Bonaventure,     Richard,    Aicar    of 

Heme 46 

Boys,  John     35 

Boys,  Thomas 43 

Boys,  William,  on  the  meaning  of 

Chrysomer 52 

Brandon  on  the   tower  of  Heme 

Church        18 

Brasses  in  Heme  Church  ■■.33,  35-44 
Brasses     stolen     from     Reculver 

Church        5 

Brent,  Roger,  trustee  of  Sir  Mat- 
thew Philip's  will      61 

Brett,  Parish  Clerk,  on  destruction 

of  Reculver  Church 5 

Broke,  Thomas,  Vicar  of  Heme...     49 
Brown,   Wm.,    votes   against   de- 
struction of  Reculver  Church  ...       5 
Brydges,  Thomas,  Vicar  of  Heme     49 
Buchanan,  James  Robert,  Vicar  of 

Heme 50 

Buckland,  Frank,  finds  signboard 

of  "  The  Hoy  &  Anchor"  ...  5 
Burke,  William,  Chantry  priest  ...  51 
Bushell,    dog    whipper,    Payments 

to 54 

Bysmare,  William,  Brass  of 43 

Bysmer,  Thomas,  Will  of    60 

Canterbury,    Ford    House'  oldest 

Manor  of  the  See  of 12 

— Makenbrooke  Manor 

held  by  the  See  of     n 

Canterbury      Cathedral,       Roman 

columns  from  Reculver  at 7 

Capes,  George,  on  the  Brasses  in 

Heme  Church    35i  38,  43 

Caton,  John,  Vicar  of  Heme      ...     46 

Chantry   priest 51 

Chancel  in  Heme  Church  ...  29-31 
Chancel  screen  in  Heme  Church..  27 
Chantry  chapels  in  Heme  Church. 

27-29.  33-35 

Chantry  priests      50-51 

Chapman,     Alexander,    Vicar    of 

Heme 50 

Chert,  John,  Vicar  of  Heme        ...     46 



Christ  Church,  Canterbury,  Grant 

of  Keculver  Church  to      2-3 

Chrysoiiier,  Meaning  of        52 

Church,  John,  Will  of 63-64 

Church,  Valenlyne,  buried 52 

Churche,  James  a,  gifts  to  Ilarble- 

down  Hospital  by     10 

Churche,  John  a,  gift  to  the  Prior 

of  Harbledown  by     12 

Churche  family  and  the  borough 

of  Stroud      10 

Churchwardens'  accounts,  Extracts 

from     54-56 

Clayton  &  Bell,  Window  made  by  24 

Cock -fighting  at  Heme       15 

Coffin  shaped     Stone     in     Heme 

Church  porch     62 

Colepepper,  Sir  Cheney       35 

Colfe,  Isaac,  Vicar  of  Heme  ...  50 
Colfe,  Jacob,  Vicar  of  Heme  ...  50 
Colfe,  Richard,  Vicar  of  Heme  ...  50 
CoUard,  Edward  Reynolds,  Win- 
dow in  memory  of     27 

CoUard    family,    Mural    tablet    in 

memory  of 27 

Colman    John,    executor    of    Sir 

John  Fyneux's  will     62 

Conyers  family,  Vault  of       27 

Cranmer,  Abp.,  at  Ford       13 

Crek,  Nich,  Chantry  ...  51 
Crump,     Stephen,    Parish     clerk, 

drowned      53 

Curteys,  Agnes      17 

Curteyse,  Thomas,  Chantry  priest  51 

Dadsman,  Jaurice,  Payment  to   ...  55 

Darley,  John,  Vicar  of  Heme     ..  46 

Brass  of        37-39 

Deane,  Rev.  Samuel,  on  the  mean- 

of  Chrysomer      52 

Denne,  Tom,  votes  for  destruction 

of  Reculver  Church 5 

Bering,  Daniel ...  15 

Dering  family  and  Ridgway  Manor  1 1 
Digge,    James,    executor    of    Sir 

John  Fyneux's  will    62 

Diggs.James 42 

Disborough,  Samuel      35 

Dodd,  John    52 

Dog  whipping.  Payments  for  54*55 
Dowker's      "Reculver     Church" 

quoted 5 

Duncombe,  John,  Vicar  of  Heme  50 
mistakes  in   his 

"  History  of  Herne  "          38 

Dunstan,  Abbot    of  Glastonbury, 

Grant  prepared  by     3 

Earp,  Mr.,  sculptor forMrs.  Smith's 

gift       31 

ICast  window  in  Herne  Church    ...  31 

Ecclesiastical  Commissioners  restore 

roof  in  Herne  Church       30 

Eddington       10 

Rectory  House    12 

Edred,    King,  Grant  of  Reculver 

Church  by 2 

Egbert,   King,   Grant   of  land    at 

Reculver  by        2 

Epitaph,  Curious    ...     29 

Ethelbert,  King,  buried  in  Recul- 
ver Church  3-4 

gift  of  Ford  House 

Manor  by    13 

Ewell,  John,  buried       53 

Fagg  family,  Vault  of 27 

Fair  at  Herne        9 

Fairman  family.  Monuments  of  28 
Fameham,   Nicholas  de.  Vicar  of 

Herne 46 

Fees,  Church 58-59 

Ffowler,  Richard,  buried      53 

Ffrench,   John,    Killed  by    a   gun 

accident       53 

Fig-tree  at  Reculver      i 

Fineux,  see  Fyneux       

Fishpond  at  Ford 14 

Fix,  Tom,  votes  for  destruction  of 

Reculver  Church       5 

Foche  Elizabeth,  baptised    53 

P'oche,  William,  Vicar  of  Herne  50 
Stone  in  memory 

of ,     35 

Font  of  Heme  Church 23 

Ford  House    12-14 

Forstall     13 

Foxes,  Payments  for      54-55 

Frowyk,    Thomas,  trustee   of  Sir 

Matthew  Philip's  will       61 

Fyneux,  Christopher,  Bequest  to  63 
Fyneux,  Elizabelh,  Lady     49 

Brass  of    ..     ...     ...        41-42 

Overseer  of  Somersal's  will     60 

Executrix     of    Sir    John 

Fyneux's  will      62 

Will  of     62-63 

Fyneux,  John,  Brass  of         ...       43-44 

Fyneux,  Sir  John 42 

bought  and  rebuilt  Hawe 

Manor  house       9 

Probable  tomb  of     ...        32-33 

Will  of       61-62 

Fyneux,     William,      executor     of 

Somersal's  will 60 

Bequests  to      61-62 

Will  of 63 

(jascoyne,  Robert,  Vicar  of  Herne  50 
"Gentleman's  Magazine  "  on  des- 
truction of  Reculver  Church    ...  4-5 
Gillow,  Richard     35 



Godynestre,    Hugh    dc,    Vicar  of 


Goldie   and  Child,    architects    for 

Mrs    Smith's  gift         

Goldsmiths'  brasses       39 

Goldsmiths'    Company,    Bequests 

of  Sir  Matthew  Philip  to 

Gosse,  William,  ^'icar  of  Heme 
Graunt.  William,  ^'icar  of  Heme 
Gray,     Florence,    Mural    slab    in 

memory  of 

Green,  Rev.  Francis,  on  Reculver 


Greenshield,  Henry       

Greenshield  family   and    Lottinge 


Grey,    Henry,    Inscriptions  trans 

iated  by       3 

Gryflfythe,    Richard    ap.    Chantry 










Haghe,   Richard   of    the,    Robert 

and  John     67 

Hagioscope  in  Heme  Church      ..     32 
Hales,    James,    executor  of   Lady 

Fyneux's  will     63 

Hales,  John  (Baron),  executor  of 
Sir  J.  and  Lady  Fyneux's  wills  62,  63 

Hales,  Sir  Thomas         35 

Hall,  Henry,  Vicar  of  Heme  ...  50 
Halle,  Lady  Elizabeth,  and  Hawe 

Manor 9 

Halle,      Matthew,      sells      Hawe 

Manor-house      9 

Halle,  Sir  Peter     9,  33 

Brassof     ...        35-17 

Halle  arms  on  font        23 

Hamo  de  Makenbroke  pays  hom- 
age Abp.  Peckham    II 

Hampton        9 

Harbledown  Hospital,  Grant  to...  10 
Harward,  Thomas,  Vicar  of  Heme  50 
Hasted  on  the  derivation  of  Heme  8 
Hawe,  John,  \'icar  of  Heriie  ...  46 
Hawe  Manor-house  9-10,  61.  62,  63 
Hawlet  (or  Howlet),  George,  Will 

of 65 

Heales,  Major        38 

Hedgehogs,  Payments  for  ...  54,  55 
Henry  IV.,  Aims  on  font  of        ...     23 

Henry  VIII.  at  Ford     13 

Heme,    derivation    and    different 

spellings  of  Parish  of        8  15 

Heme,  Reculver  Mother  Church  of  i,  3 

Inhabitants  threatened  with 

excommunication       4 

Heme  Church        17-44 

Earliest  record  of...       2 

Hillborough  Ctiurch      4 

Hoath,  Reculver  Mother  church  of      3 

Hog  roasted  and  given   away   at 

Heme 15 

Holljourn,  Thomas        65 

Howlet  (or  Hawlet),  George,  Will 

of 65 

Hoy  Tavern,  Reculver 5 

Hubl^ert,  Henry,  executor  of  Lady 

Fyneux's  will     6^ 

Human  remains  at  Reculver        ...  6 

Hunt,  Michael,  baptized      53 

Hunte,  Rev.  John,  on  the  tithes...  57 

Hunter's  Borstal    13 

Hussey,    William,  trustee   of  Sir 

Matthew  Philip's  will       61 

Ireland  on  the  derivation  of  Heme  8 
Islip,  Abp.,  obtains  grant  of  a  mar- 
ket and  fair  at  Heme        9 

Jacomb,  Charles,  promotes  Heme 

National  Schools        15 

Jarvys,  John,  twin  children  of     ...  52 
Jesus  Christ,  Arms  on  font  ascribed 

to 2^ 

Kac,  William,  Vicar  of  Heme     ... 
Ketelby,  Francis,  Vicar  of  Heme 

King,  John,  Payments  to     

Knowler,  Gilbert 

. Monument  of 

Knowler,  John 

Monument  of 

Knowler,  Robert 

Monument  of 



•■     54 

..     10 


..  28 
10,  64 
..     28 


Knowler,  Stephen,  Arms  of 
Knowler,    Thomas,     baptized    at 

Ford    13 

Monument  of        28 

Will  of 66 

Knowler  Chapel  in  Heme  Church  27-29 
Knowler    family  and  Stroud  and 

Underdown  Manors  10 

• Monuments  of    28-29 

Vault  of     27 

Kyngg,  John,  Chantry  priest      ...     51 

Lady  Chapel  in  Heme  Church     33,  66 

Laud,  Abp.,  to  proceed  in  cause 
between  Reculver  and  Heme  ...       4 

Lawson,  Wyllyam,  child  of,  chris- 
tened        52 

Leaf,  Rosalind  Aglaia,  Window  in 
memory  of 24 

Lee,  Isaiah     53 

Leland's  description  of    Reculver       i 

Lewis,    T.    C,   builds   organ     in 
Heme  Church 

Lottinge  Manor     

Loughman,    Helen     Grace,     Mural 
slab  in  memory  of     23 

Loverick,  Anthony,  Brass  of       ...     43 



Loveiyk  arms  on  font 23 

Lydd,  riayers  from  Heme  visit    ..     15 

Mackenbrooke  Manor 11 

• ■ — Hamo  of       ...       11-67 

Margate  Pier,  Stones  from  Recu'- 

verused  for 5 

Market  at  Heme    9 

Marlborough,  Sarah,  Duchess  of  32 
Martyn,     Robert,    trustee    of    Sir 

Matthew  Philip's  will       61 

Mason  the  butcher        53 

Mather,  Richard.  Payments  to  ...  55 
May,  James  Six,  Vicar  of  Heme  ...  50 
May     family,     Mural     tablet     in 

memory  of 27 

iMaycott,  John,  Sepulchre  of  ...  60 
Medel)Oume,    Richard,     Vicar    of 

Heme 46 

Michell     and     Thynne     renovate 

organ  in  Heme  Church    ... 
Milles,  Christopher,  Will  of 
Milles,  Samuel,  Benefactions  of 
■ Monument  of 



Milles  Chapel  in  Heme  Church    33-35, 


Milles  family  and   Rectory  Plouse 

Monuments  of 

Moat  at  Hawe        

Monins,  Catherine         11, 

Monins,  Edward    

Will  of       

Monins,  Richard    

Monins,  Sir  Simon  de  ... 
Monins  family,  Vault  of 
Arms  of 


on  font 

Morton,  Abp. ,  on  Ford         

Morton,  Sir  John,  executor  of  Sir 
John  Fyneux's  will    

Moultrie,  John  Fergusson,  grave- 
stone of        

Moultrie,  Rev.  John,  Lines  by     ... 

Mychill,  Will,  Chantry  priest 

• Bequest  to    






National  Schools  built  at  Heme  ...      15 

Nave  of  Heme  Church 24—27 

Naylor,  Rev.  C,  destroys  Recul- 

ver  Church 5 

sells  the  Towers 

to  Trinity  House 
Newe,  Thomas,  Chantry  founded 

^ /-^y     33, 50 

Newton,     Wdliam,     Window    in 

memory  of 27 

Nicholas   de    Underdowne,  Grant 

of  land  to    10 

Nicholas  the  Clerk       67 

Nicholson,  Robert,  buried    52 

North  aisle  of  Heme  Church        23-23 
North   Chantry   Chapel  in  Heme 

Church 33-35 

Northwode,  Philip  of    67 

Nottynghit  Joane,  buried      52 

Old  wills 60-66 

Organ  in  Heme  Church       29 

Oxenden,     Sir    George,    rebuilds 

Underdown  Manor-house 10 

Oxenden,    William,     executor    of 

Somersal's  will 60 

Oxenden   family  and   Underdown 

Manor 10 

Palmer     family.    Mural     slab 

memory  of 

Parish  registers      52- 

Parker,  Abp.,  on  Ford  . 
Passion  plays  at  Heme.. 
Passion  .symbols  on  font 

Pastimes  at  Heme. 14- 

Paston,  Sir  John,  Arms  of 

Peckham,  Abp.,   receives  homage 

from  Hamo  de  Makenbroke    . . . 
Pegg,   Eliza,   Organ  renovated  in 

memory  of 

W^indow  in  memory  of 

Pegg,  Mrs.,   Organ   renovated   at 

expense  of 

Pelham  arms  on  font     

Pembrook,   J.    Knowler,   and  the 


Pembrook  family.  Monuments  of.. 
Pensions  paid  to  Reculver  Church 
Perryn,  Francis,  baptized  at  Ford . 

Perryn,  Sir  Thomas      

Philip,  Christina,  Brass  of  .. 

Philip,  Sir  Matthew      

owned   Hawe  and 



derdown  Manors 
Will  of  .. 

33.  40' 


Philip,  William     

Will  of 

Philpot  on  the  derivation  of  Heme 

description    of    Stroud 


Piscina  in  Heme  Church     ...      27, 

Polecats,  Payments  for 

Porch  of  Heme  Church        

— '■ Coffin-shaped  stone  in... 

Price,  Rev.  Joseph,  Vicar  of  Heme 
and  Blean  Union 

Quekes,  John,  Lottinge  manor  sold 

Raculfcestre,     ancient     name     of 


Ramsey,  John,  Vicar  of  Heme  ... 











Reader,  John,  Vicar  of  Ilerne     ...     50 

Kectory  House,   Kddins^ton 12 

Reculver 1-7 

Annual      payment      of 

Churchwardens  of  Heme  to      54,  55 

form  of  receipt       66 

Reculver  Vicarage  converted  into  a 

Tavern         5 

Registers  of  the  parish  of  Heme  52-54 
Reynolds,     Thomas,     and    Blean 

Union 14 

Richards,       William,       promotes 

Heme  National  Schools 15 

Ridgway  Manor    lij  63 

Ridley,  Bishop  Nicholas.   Vicar  of 

Heme  ... 

Fyneux  to 

Account  of 
Bequest     of 

Farew^ell  to  Heme 

Statue  of        

visits     Cranmer 


••       47-49 




Ford    13 

Ringers,  Payments  to   54,  55 

Robertson,      Canon      Scott,      on 

Passion  Plays     15 


screen  in  Heme  Church 24 

Robyn,   John,   Chantry  priest     ...  51 

Roger.s,   William,   Vicar  of  Heme  50 

buried    in    aisle  24 

Roman  Camp  at  Reculver    i 

Romney,  Players  from  Heme  visit  15 

Roper,  John 42 

trustee       of       Sir 

Matthew  Philip's  will       61 

Rose  and  Man  of  War,  Heme     ...  15 

Rothop,  William,  Payment  to    ...  55 

Rouhall,  Henry,  Vicar  of  Heme...  46 

Rowe,  Widow        53 

St.  Ethel burga's  spring 

St.  John  the  Baptist's  Chapel 

St.  "Martin,  Account  of 

St.    Nicholas,    Thanet,    Reculver 

Mother  Church  of     

St.  Vedast's  Church,  London 

Saunders,  Robert    ..     

Sawyer,  Stephen    

Saxton  arms  on  font      

.Sayer,    Steph.,  votes   against   de- 
struction of  Reculver  Church  ...       5 

Screen  in  Heme  Church        24 

.Sea,  Edward 10 

Sea,  John        10 

Brass  of 42-43 

Sea  family  and  Stroud  and  Under- 
down  Manors     10 

Seas  Court     10 

Sedilia  in  Heme  Church      ...      29,  31 

...     14 




Sedley,  Sir  John    

Sedley,  Sir,    Will  of         64- 
See,  Anthony,  held  Makcnbrooke 


Selby,  John,  Bequest      to     

Severus,    Emperor,  and    Camp  at 


Seynclere,  Sir  John       

Sheppard,    Dr.,   discovers  Roman 

columns  at  Reculver 

.Simpson's      "  Series     of     ancient 

fonts" II, 

.Skinner,  Henry      

Slaves,  Money  given  to        

Small  pox.  Payment  for  a  traveller 

suftering  from     

.Smith,    C.   Roach,  on  destruction 

of  Reculver  Church 

Smith,    Mrs.    Frances    Elizabeth, 

gifts  to  Heme  Church       ...        30 
Smith,  John,   dog  whipper.  Pay- 
ment to       

Smith,  Sir  John     

Smugglers'  money        

Somersal.  Robert,  Will  of     

Sondes,  Lord 

promotes      Heme 

National  Schools       

removes  the  Milles 


South  Aisle  of  Heme  Church 
Souih   Chantry   Chapel  in  Heme 

Church        27 

.Sparrows,  Payments  for        ...       54- 

Sports  at  Ilerne     14- 

Squire,  William,  Vicar  of  Heme 

Stac}',  Robert,  a  musician    

Staines,  W.,  votes  for  destruction 

of  Reculver  Church 

Stanley,   Dean  A.   P.,  on  epitaph 

at  Heme     

on  Becket 

Stephens,      Elizabeth,     .Stone     in 

memory  of 

Stevens,  Mrs.,  Payment  to  ... 

Stroud  Manor  and  house      

John,  Tnomas,  Heniy  and 

Robert  of    

.Suthreye,    Henry    de.    Grants   of 

land   to       II- 

Sutton,  Roger,  Vicar  of  Heme    ... 

Table  tomb  in  Heme  Church       32 
Tailor,  Willyam,  a  musician's  boy, 


Tanner,  Thomas,  payment  to 
Tapton,  John,  trustee  of  .Sir   Mat- 
thew Philip's  will       

Terry,  Richard,  Will  of        

Terrye,  Thomas,  Will  of      



Teynham,  Lord      


Thornhurst,   Sir  William, 

merit  of       

Pedigree  of 


Tower  of  Heme  Church 

Trinity  House,    Reculver 

towers  preserved  by 

Turkey  slaves,  Money  given  to    ... 

Twms  baptized       

Twyman,  William 

Tyndell,  Richard,  Bequest  of  Lady 

Fyneux  to  


1 1    12 


•■        31-32 


-  57-5S 





Underdown  Manor 

10,  II,  61 


Vicars  of  Heme    46-50 

Vineyard  at  P'ord       ...         14 

Vitalis  de  Canterbury  holds  Maken- 
brooke  Manor     H 

Wailes.  Mr.,  artist  in  glassforMrs. 

Smith's  gift         

Waleys,  Sir  William      

owned  Hawe 




Warinyngton,    Christopher,    Vicar 

of  tieriio     

Warren,  John,  Vicar  of  Heme     ... 
Will  of 




Webb,  John,  \'icar  of  Heme 

Welby,  John 

White,    William,    restores  chancel 

of  Heme  Church       29 

Whitgift,  Abp.,  at  Ford        ...        13-14 

Wiggens,  William 65 

Wild's  "Iter   Boreale,"  Epitaphs 

in 29 

Wills        60-66 

Windows  in  Heme  Church  23-24,27,31 

Wood,  John,  Vicar  of  Heme 

buried  in  aisle 

■ Window  in  memory 


Wood,  Randall,  Imried 
Wood,       William,     Window 

memory  of 

Worrall,  Henry      

Wyreham,  Richard,  Chantry  priest 






Young,  Francis,  payment  to       ...  55 

Younge,  John,  Will  of 60 

Younge,  Old  Sir  John,  trustee  of 

Sir  Matthew  Philip's  will 61 


Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  His  Grace  the,  Lambeth  I'alace. 

Adams,  W.  J.,  Victoria  Terrace,  Heme  Bay. 

Ashenden,  Thomas,  Canterbury. 

Ayre,  Edward,  Blean  Union,  Canterbury. 

Banks,  John  Lindridge,  Chatham  House,  Heme  Bay. 

Barnes,  Edwin,  109,  Belsize  Road,  London,  N.W. 

Barnwell,  John,  53,  William  Street,  Heme  Bay. 

Barrow,  James,  7,  Beach  Lawn,  Waterloo,  Liverpool. 

Bell,  Capt.  R.N.,  Hereford  House,  Heme  Bay. 

Beynon,  Rev.  F.  W.,  Chislet,  Canterbury. 

Biggleston,  W.,  William  Street,  Heme  Bay. 

Boosey,  Mrs.  John,  Mount  Avenue,  Ealing,  London. 

Bowes,  Dr.  J,,  Marine  Terrace,  Heme  Bay. 

Braboume,  The  Lord,  3,  Queen  Anne's  Gate,  Westminster,  London,  W, 

Browne,  Rev.  A.  T.,  Beltinge,  Heme  Bay. 

Carr,  Major  Robert,  i,  West  Pier,  Wapping,  London,  E.  (two  copies). 

Clarke,  William,  The  Rookery,  Roehampton. 

Collard,  Charles,  jun..  Anchor  Brewery,  Park  Street,  Southwark,  S.E. 

Collard,  Edward  Denne,  I,  St.  George's  Terrace,  Heme  Bay. 

Cope,  Mrs.,  Mount  Ararat,  Richmond. 

Cotes,  Major  C,  R.A.,  St.  John's  House,  Heme  Bay. 

Crossley,  Lady,  Somerleyton,  Lowestoft. 

Davis,  Miss,  The  Porch,  Northampton  Paik,  Canonbury,  N. 

Dc  Lasaux,  Robt.  Aug.,  Belmore  Hall,  Heme  Bay. 

Devaynes,  Miss,  3,  West  Cliff  Mansions,  Ramsgate  (two  copies). 

Dobson,  C.  M.,  The  Vicarage,  Heme  (two  copies). 

Dover,  The  Right  Hon.  the  Bishop  of.  The  Precincts,  Canterbury. 

Douglas,  A.  Akers,  M.P.,  Chilston  Park,  near  Maidstone. 

Ellam,  Rev.  John,  Vicarage,  Heme  Bay. 

Fairbrass,  F.  W. ,  Telford  House,  Heme  Bay. 

Finlason,  Thomas,  4,  James'  Grove,  Peckham,  S.E. 

Finlason,  Mrs.  Mount  Ararat,  Richmond. 

Finch,  Rev.  C.  J.,  Vicarage,  De  Beauvoir  Town,   N. 

Gertrude,  Sister,  The  Limes,  Heme. 

Glasgow,  The  Right  Hon.  the  Earl  of,  li,  Hereford  Gardens,  W. 

Grey,  Henry,  Ridley  House,  Heme. 

Guildhall,  Library  of  the  Corporation  of  the  City  of  Lonilon. 

Hall,  John  R.,  13,  Burgate  Street,  Canterbury. 

Harris,  The  Lord,  Huntingfields,  Faversham. 

76  SUB.SCKJnEK^. 

Ilaslewoud,  Kcv.  F.  G.,  LL.D,,  Chislet  Vicarage,  Canterbury  (two  copies). 

Heme  Bay  Press,  Editor  of,  St.  Helier's,  Heme  Bay. 

Hilton,  Mrs.,  Hunter's  Forslall,  Heme  Bay. 

Hogbin,  John,  Victoria  House,  Heme  Bay. 

Hooper,  C.  Adams,  Crancmoor,  Heme. 

Hovenden,  Robert,  Heathcote  Park,  Hill  Road,  Croydon. 

Howis,  Rev.  C.  W.,  Pleshcy  Rectory,  Essex. 

Jacomb,  Charles,  Springfield,  Upper  Clapton. 

Jeffreys,  Rev.  H.  A.,  Hawkhurst,  Kent. 

Judd,  James,  J. P.,  East  Knoll,  Upper  Norwood  (two  copies). 

Keen,  J.  W.,  William  Street,  Heme  Bay  (two  copies). 

Lambert,  Major  George,  F.S.A.,  lo,  ii,  12,  Coventry  Street,  Piccadilly  (two 

Laroche,  Thomas,  Bolton  House,  Fopstone  Road,  Kensington,  S.W. 
Latham,  Albert,  Margate. 

Layton,  C.  Miller,  Shortlands,  Castle  Hill  Avenue,  Folkestone. 
Leaf,  Mrs.,  Fir  wood,  Heme. 
Lefeber,  Alexander,  New  Southgate. 
Lindsey,  John  B.,  Eversfield^  Tunbridge  Wells. 
Longbotham,  William,  9,  William  Street,  Heme  Bay. 
Lumley,  L.  C,  139,  Westboume  Terrace,  W. 
Mainwaring,  Dr.,  814,  Old  Kent  Road,  Peckham. 
Mason,  Mrs.,  Albion  House,  Hammersmith. 
Martin,  Alexander,  52,  Lavender  Grove,  Dalston. 
Mercer,  Wm.  John,  12,  Marine  Terrace,  Margate. 
Mobbs,  S.  Neal,  Canterbury  Road,  Heme  Bay. 
Mohun,  Martin,  William  Street,  Heme  Bay. 
Moore,  R.,  William  Street,  Heme  Bay. 

NickoUs,  G.  A.,  Grosvenor  House,  Acol  Road,  West  Hampstead. 
Owen,  Edward,  35,  The  Gardens,  East  Dulwich. 
Palmer,  Rev.,  Spring  Grove,  Hunsley,  Leeds  (two  copies). 
Parker,  Major,  Westbere  House,  Canterbury. 
Pegg,  Mrs.,  Satis  House,  Heme  Bay. 
Philpot,  A.  W.  G.,  Post  Office,  Heme  Bay. 
Phillips,  Mrs.,  The  Burrs,  Heme  Bay. 
Postlethwaite,  Theodore,  Woodlands,  Surbiton. 
Rayner,  II.  W.,  London  House,  Heme  Bay. 
Rawlins,  Dr.,  The  Lodge,  Heme  Bay. 
Richards,  Mrs.,  Springfield,  Upper  Clapton. 
Ridsdale,  Rev.  C.  J.,  St.  Peter's  Vicarage,  Folkestone. 
Roper,  Miss,  Lotis  House,  Heme  Bay. 
Robinson,  S.  T.,  73,  Leadenhall  Street,  London,  E.G. 
Royal  Library,  Windsor  Casale,  per  T.  Holmes. 
Rushworth,  E.  W.,  22,  Savile  Row,  London,  W.  (two  copies). 
Russell,  Miss  E.  Phillipps,  9,  St.  Leonard's  Terrace,  Chelsea  College,  S.W. 
Saftbrd,  Mrs.,  Fern  Lodge,  Bedford  Row,  Clapham  Rise. 
Scott,  Henry,  16,  King  William  Street,  London,  E.G.  (two  copies.) 


Skeffington,  Martin  S.,  163,  Piccadilly,  London,  W. 

Smith,  R.  Payne,  The  Very  Rev.,  Deanery,  Canterbury. 

.Slocombe,  Mrs.,  12,  St.  George's  Terrace,   Heme  Bay. 

.Sondes,  The  Right  Ilonble.  Earl,  Lees  Court,  Faversham. 

.Smith,  Rev.  A.  T.,  Nackington  Vicarage,  Canterbury. 

Smith,  Samuel,  Lloyds',  London. 

Swain,  Mrs.,  Charles  Street,  Heme  Bay. 

Tassell,  Bradbury,  Hode  Patrixbourne,  Canterbury. 

Taylor,  Jehu,  Tower  House,  Heme  Bay. 

Truscott,  Aid.  .Sir  Francis,  O.ikleigh,  East  Grinsted,  Sussex  (two  copies). 

Tyhurst,  Richard  William,  West  View  House,  Heme  Bay  (two  copies). 

Westcar,  C.  W.  Prcscott,  Strode  Park,  Heme. 

White,  Edward,  High  Street,  Heme  Bay. 

White,  James  S.,  New  Dolphin,  Heme  Bay. 

Wilkinson,  Miss,  Blewbury  Didcot,  Berks. 

Wood,  Rev.  John,  Wolverton  Vicarage,  Stoney  Stratford. 

Wood,  William,  New  Southgate. 

Young,  F.  R.,  8,  William  Street,  Heme  Bay. 




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